News from the National Academies en-us News from the National Academies NAM Releases New Special Publication to Help Clinicians Counter Opioid Epidemic Halting the opioid epidemic requires aggressive action across multiple dimensions, including informed, active, and determined front-line leadership from health clinicians working in every setting throughout the nation, says a new special publication from the National Academy of Medicine. The 21-page publication is an action guide for clinicians if they are prescribing an opioid or managing a patient who presents with a likely opioid use disorder. To successfully marshal progress, the paper calls for clinicians to prioritize non-opioid strategies when managing chronic pain, follow five axioms of responsible opioid prescribing, and promote policies that stimulate and support available scientific evidence. Read More Thu, 21 Sep 2017 11:00 EDT Policies Governing Dual-Use Research in the Life Sciences Are Fragmented, and Most Scientists Have Little Awareness of Concerns A new report from the National Academies examines policies and practices governing dual-use research in the life sciences &ndash; research that could potentially be misused to cause harm &ndash; and its findings identify multiple shortcomings. While the U.S. has a solid record in conducting biological research safely, the policies and regulations governing the dissemination of life sciences information that may pose biosecurity concerns are fragmented. Evidence also suggests that most life scientists have little awareness of biosecurity issues, the report says, stressing the importance of ongoing training for scientists. Read More Thu, 14 Sep 2017 11:00 EDT New Report Calls for Comprehensive Redesign of Process for Updating Dietary Guidelines for Americans Although the process used to develop the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) has become more evidence-based since its inception more than 30 years ago, it is not currently positioned to effectively adapt to changes such as food diversity and chronic disease prevalence, while also ensuring the integrity of the process, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services should comprehensively redesign the process for updating the DGA to improve transparency, promote diversity of expertise and experience, support a deliberative process, foster independence in decision-making, and strengthen scientific rigor. Read More Thu, 14 Sep 2017 11:00 EDT Report Collection Provides Targeted Resources for All Stakeholders in a Disaster Response With communities reeling from the effects of Hurricanes Irma and Harvey, a number of our reports provide guidance and serve as resources on responding to and recovering from such devastating disasters. Mon, 28 Aug 2017 14:30 EDT New Publication Considers Past and Future of U.S.-Iran Science Engagement For over 15 years, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine have organized workshops and other cooperative activities between U.S. and Iranian scientists on topics ranging from earthquake preparedness to urban air pollution to wetland conservation. More than 1,500 scientists, engineers, and medical professionals from about 120 institutions in both countries have participated in these activities, which are intended to contribute to global science in areas of mutual interest. U.S.-Iran Engagement in Science, Engineering, and Health: A Resilient Program, But an Uncertain Future, a new publication authored by Glenn Schweitzer, director of the National Academies' Program for Central Europe and Eurasia, documents the history and details of the Academies' program of science engagement with Iran from 2010 to 2016. The publication also identifies lessons learned from past cooperative activities &ndash; for example, the importance of involving both highly respected leaders in the field of interest and early career professionals who can sustain joint efforts for years and even decades. The publication also offers a perspective on future science engagement with Iran. fri, 08 Sep 2017 10:00 EDT NAS, NAM Members Receive Lasker Awards The Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation announced today that NAS member Michael N. Hall, professor, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Switzerland, is the recipient of the 2017 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award for &quot;discoveries concerning the nutrient-activated TOR proteins and their central role in the metabolic control of cell growth.&quot; Dual NAS/NAM member Douglas Lowy, acting director of the National Cancer Institute, has been awarded the 2017 Lasker~DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, along with John T. Schiller of the NCI, for &quot;technological advances that enabled development of HPV vaccines for prevention of cervical cancer and other tumors caused by human papillomaviruses.&quot; For more than 70 years, the Lasker Awards have recognized the contributions of scientists, clinicians, and public citizens who have made major advancements in the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, cure, or prevention of disease. The prestigious awards each carry an honorarium of $250,000. Wed, 06 Sep 2017 11:30 EDT NASA Should Continue Its Large Strategic Missions to Maintain United States' Global Leadership in Space NASA's large strategic missions like the Hubble Space Telescope, the Curiosity rover on Mars, and the Terra Earth observation satellite are essential to maintaining the United States' global leadership in space exploration and should continue to be a primary component of a balanced space science program that includes large, medium, and smaller missions, says a new report. However, controlling the costs of these large missions remains vital in order to preserve the overall stability of the program, the report finds. Read More Thu, 24 Aug 2017 11:00 EDT Statement Regarding National Academies Study on Potential Health Risks of Living in Proximity to Surface Coal Mining Sites in Central Appalachia In an August 18 letter, the U.S. Department of the Interior&rsquo;s Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement informed the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine that it should cease all work on a study of the potential health risks for people living near surface coal mine sites in Central Appalachia. The letter states that the Department has begun an agency-wide review of its grants and cooperative agreements in excess of $100,000, largely as a result of the Department&rsquo;s changing budget situation. The National Academies will go forward with previously scheduled meetings for this project in Kentucky on August 21-23 -- which are allowed to proceed according to the letter -- and encourages the public to attend open meetings in Hazard and Lexington on August 21 and 22. The National Academies believes this is an important study and we stand ready to resume it as soon as the Department of the Interior review is completed. We are grateful to our committee members for their dedication to carrying forward with this study. Read More Mon, 21 Aug 2017 12:00 EDT New Report Proposes Framework to Identify Vulnerabilities Posed by Synthetic Biology Given the possible security vulnerabilities related to developments in synthetic biology &ndash; a field that uses technologies to modify or create organisms or biological components &ndash; a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine proposes a framework to identify and prioritize potential areas of concern associated with the field. This report is the first in a two-phase study that is examining the changing nature of biodefense threats in the age of synthetic biology, focusing on the degree to which it can be used to create a weapon. Read More Mon, 21 Aug 2017 11:00 EDT New Report Outlines Research Agenda to Better Understand the Relationship Among Microbiomes, Indoor Environments, and Human Health Even with a growing body of research on microorganisms and humans in indoor environments, many of their interconnections remain unknown, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report proposes a research agenda to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the formation, dynamics, and functions of indoor microbiomes that can guide improvements to current and future buildings as well as enhance human health and well-being. Read More Wed, 16 Aug 2017 9:00 EDT Opioid Epidemic in the News President Trump today declared the opioid epidemic a national emergency. A National Academies report released in July presents a national strategy to reduce the opioid epidemic. The report says it is possible to stem the still-escalating prevalence of opioid use disorder and other opioid-related harms without foreclosing access to opioids for patients suffering from pain. Read the full report Thu, 10 Aug 2017 16:00 EDT Academic Biomedical Research Community Should Take Action to Build Resilience to Disasters The academic biomedical research community should improve its ability to mitigate and recover from the impacts of disasters, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The consequences of recent disasters, from hurricanes to cyberattacks, have shown that the investments of the U.S. federal government and other research sponsors &mdash; which total about $27 billion annually &mdash; are not uniformly secure. The report recommends 10 steps that academic research institutions, researchers, and research sponsors should take to bolster the resilience of academic biomedical research. For example, academic research institutions should implement mandatory disaster resilience education for research students, staff, and faculty. And the National Institutes of Health should convene a consortium of stakeholders to discuss efforts research sponsors can take to enhance the disaster resilience of the biomedical research enterprise. Read More Thu, 10 Aug 2017 14:00 EDT National Academies Review of the Government's Climate Science Special Report An article published in the New York Times today mentioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's review of the federal government's Climate Science Special Report. The U.S. Global Change Research Program &mdash; a multi-agency program representing several government agencies and departments &mdash; asked the National Academies to review the draft report, and the Academies' review was released publicly in March this year. Read the full review &nbsp; Tue, 08 Aug 2017 13:30 EDT Gulf Research Program Announces 2017 Fellowships The Gulf Research Program today announced the recipients of its Early-Career Research Fellowships and Science Policy Fellowships for 2017. These competitive awards are among a suite of program activities aimed at supporting the development of future generations of scientists, engineers, and health professionals prepared to work at the intersections of oil system safety, human health and well-being, and environmental stewardship in the Gulf of Mexico and U.S. outer continental shelf regions. Tue, 08 Aug 2017 11:30 EDT Michael Clegg Appointed as U.S. Representative to IIASA Council The U.S. National Academy of Sciences announces the appointment of Michael Clegg, Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Irvine, to succeed Donald Saari as the U.S. representative to the Council of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).&nbsp;As a distinguished scientist and science diplomat, Clegg brings an extensive track record of experience and proven leadership success in the international sphere. Read More Fri, 04 Aug 2017 17:30 EDT New Report Recommends Methods and Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Disease A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine outlines how to examine whether specific levels of nutrients or other food substances (NOFSs) can ameliorate the risk of chronic disease and recommends ways to develop dietary reference intakes (DRIs) based on chronic disease outcomes. The committee that conducted the study and wrote the report was tasked specifically with assessing the options presented in a 2017 report from a working group sponsored by the U.S. and Canadian government DRI steering committees that convened to identify key scientific challenges encountered in the use of chronic disease endpoints to establish DRI values. DRIs are a set of reference intake values that include the Estimated Average Requirement, Recommended Dietary Allowance, Adequate Intake, and Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for more than 40 nutrients and food substances, specified on the basis of age, sex, and life stage. DRIs based on nutrient deficiency and toxicity have been established by expert committees convened by the National Academies. The DRIs are used in nutrition policy, such as planning federal supplemental nutrition programs and as basis for dietary guidelines in the United States and Canada, and are also a tool for nutrition professionals for clinical assessments of individuals. Read More Thu, 03 Aug 2017 11:00 EDT Getting Ready for the Next Planetary Sciences Decadal Survey A new National Academies report considers the priority areas as defined in 2011 Academies report Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 where mission studies have not been undertaken; appropriate mechanisms by which mission-study gaps might be filled in the near- to mid-term future; and other activities that might be undertaken in the near- to mid-term future to optimize and/or expedite the work of the next planetary science decadal survey committee Fri, 28 Jul 2017 01:00 EDT National Academy of Medicine and FDA Announce the 2017 Tobacco Regulatory Science Fellows The National Academy of Medicine along with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) have named the 2017-2018 class of the FDA Tobacco Regulatory Science Fellows. Four individuals were selected through a highly selective national competition based on their exceptional, diverse professional qualifications to contribute to the work of CTP. Read More Fri, 28 Jul 2017 12:00 EDT 'Hidden Figures' Wins Best Book Award From Academies; 'PBS NewsHour,' Chicago Tribune, FiveThirtyEight Also Take Top Prizes The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine announced today the recipients of the 2017 Communication Awards. Supported by the W.M. Keck Foundation since 2003 as part of the Keck Futures Initiative, these prestigious awards -- each of which includes a $20,000 prize -- recognize excellence in reporting and communicating science, engineering, and medicine to the general public. The winners will be honored during a ceremony on Sept. 13 in Washington, D.C. Read More Thu, 27 Jul 2017 11:00 EDT 2017 Global Grand Challenges Summit The National Academy of Engineering announced three student teams and 10 individual students are winners of the Student Day Business Model Competition at the 2017 Global Grand Challenges Summit in Washington, D.C. Fri, 21 Jul 2017 11:00 EDT United States' Electric Grid Remains Vulnerable to Natural Disasters, Cyber and Physical Attacks; Actions Needed to Improve Resiliency of the Power System With growing risks to the nation's electrical grid from natural disasters and as a potential target for malicious attacks, the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security should work closely with utility operators and other stakeholders to improve cyber and physical security and resilience, says a new congressionally mandated report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Read More Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:00 EDT New Report Lays Out Strategy to Evaluate Evidence of Adverse Human Health Effects From Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals at Low Doses A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine proposes a strategy that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency should use to evaluate the evidence of adverse human health effects from low doses of exposure to chemicals that can disrupt the endocrine system. Read More Tue, 18 Jul 2017 02:00 EDT National Academies' Gulf Research Program and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Award $10.8 Million to Build Healthy, Resilient Coastal Communities The Gulf Research Program of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation today announced awards totaling $10.8 million to support four new projects in Louisiana and Alabama. All four projects are aimed at enhancing the science and practice of resilience in coastal communities located in the Gulf of Mexico region. The projects will increase understanding of community attributes that influence resilience and develop tools and strategies communities can use to strengthen their resilience. Read More Tue, 18 Jul 2017 11:00 EDT NAS Announces Awards for Building Capacity for Science Communication Partnerships In an effort to encourage innovative approaches to building productive public engagement with science, the National Academy of Sciences, with support from the Rita Allen Foundation, is pleased to announce recipients of two Building Capacity for Science Communication Partnership Awards. These competitive awards of $37,500 each will support partnerships of science communication researchers and practitioners and facilitate a collaborative project. The award recipients will present their projects at a special session of the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium on the Science of Science Communication III, to be held Nov. 16 and 17 in Washington, D.C. Fri, 14 Jul 2017 11:00 EDT National Strategy to Reduce Opioid Epidemic Years of sustained and coordinated efforts will be required to contain and reverse the harmful societal effects of the prescription and illicit opioid epidemics, which are intertwined and getting worse, says a new National Academies report that was requested by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The report says it is possible to stem the still-escalating prevalence of opioid use disorder and other opioid-related harms without foreclosing access to opioids for patients suffering from pain. Some of the report's recommended actions include promoting more judicious prescribing of opioids, expanding access to treatment for opioid use disorder, preventing more overdose deaths, weighing societal impacts in opioid-related regulatory decisions, and investing in research to better understand the nature of pain and develop non-addictive alternatives. Thu, 13 Jul 2017 12:00 EDT New Report Recommends Construction of Four New Polar Icebreakers of the Same Design as the Lowest-Cost Strategy for Protecting U.S. Interests in Arctic and Antarctic The U.S. lacks icebreaking capability in the Arctic and Antarctic and should build four polar icebreakers with heavy icebreaking capability to help minimize the life-cycle costs of icebreaker acquisition and operations, says a new congressionally mandated letter report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Four heavy icebreakers would allow the U.S. Coast Guard to meet its statutory mission needs at a lower cost, and would provide three ships for a continuous presence in the Arctic and one ship to service the Antarctic. Read More Tue, 11 Jul 2017 01:00 EDT New NAM Special Publication Examines 'High-Needs Patients' Nearly half of the nation's spending on health care is driven by 5 percent of patients, and improving health outcomes and curbing spending in health care will require identifying who these high-needs patients are and providing coordinated services through successful care models that link medical, behavioral, and community resources, says a new National Academy of Medicine special publication. The needs of this population extend beyond care for their physical ailments to social and behavioral services that are often central to their overall well-being. As a result, addressing clinical needs alone will not improve their health outcomes or reduce health care costs. Read More&nbsp; Thu, 06 Jul 2017 01:00 EDT New Report Finds FMCSA's Safety Measurement System to Be Conceptually Sound, Recommends Implementation Improvements While the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's (FMCSA) Safety Measurement System (SMS) used to identify commercial motor vehicle carriers at high risk for future crashes is conceptually sound, several features of its implementation need improvement, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Over the next two years, FMCSA should develop a more statistically principled approach for the task, based on an item response theory (IRT) model -- an approach that has been applied successfully in informing policy decisions in other areas such as hospital rankings. If the model is then demonstrated to perform well in identifying motor carriers that need interventions, FMCSA should use it to replace SMS. Read More Tue, 27 Jun 2017 11:00 EDT Evidence Is Encouraging but Insufficient That Three Interventions Might Slow Cognitive Decline and the Onset of Dementia Cognitive training, blood pressure management for people with hypertension, and increased physical activity all show modest but inconclusive evidence that they can help prevent cognitive decline and dementia, but there is insufficient evidence to support a public health campaign encouraging their adoption, says a new report from the National Academies. Additional research is needed to further understand and gain confidence in their effectiveness. Although the strength of evidence does not warrant aggressive public health campaigns, it does suggest that information should be made available to the interested public. It is appropriate to provide accurate information about the potential impact of these three interventions where people can access it, such as on websites, as well as for public health practitioners and health care providers to include mention of the potential cognitive benefits of these interventions when promoting their adoption for the prevention or control of other diseases and conditions. Read More Thu, 22 Jun 2017 09:00 EDT Workshop: Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Academia The National Academies are conducting a study on the influence of sexual harassment in academia on the career advancement of women in the scientific, technical, and medical workforce. The study committee convened a workshop in Irvine, Calif., on June 20 where scholars, educators, professional society leaders, and policy experts discussed the prevalence, nature, and impacts of sexual harassment, as well as policies, strategies, and practices for addressing sexual harassment in academia. Agenda | Video webcast Tue, 20 Jun 2017 12:00 EDT New Report Finds EPA's Science to Achieve Results Grants Program Provides Numerous Public Benefits The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's primary extramural grants program &ndash; Science to Achieve Results (STAR) &ndash; has played an integral role in addressing environmental and human health research priorities that help improve air and drinking water quality and protect children's health, among other outcomes, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. EPA should continue to use the program to respond to the nation's emerging environmental and health challenges, the report recommends. Read More Thu, 15 Jun 2017 11:00 EDT ARPA-E Making Progress Toward Its Mission The Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) is making progress toward achieving its statutory mission and goals, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. ARPA-E has funded research that no other funding source was supporting at the time, and the results of some of these projects have received follow-on funding from private and other public sources for various technologies, the report says. Read More Tue, 13 Jun 2017 11:00 EDT Keck Futures Initiative and the Gulf Research Program Award $1.55 Million for 21 Projects The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative (NAKFI) and the Gulf Research Program -- programs of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine -- are pleased to announce recipients of 21 interdisciplinary seed grants, totaling $1.55 million. These competitive grants support collaborations and investigations resulting from Discovering the Deep Blue Sea: Research, Innovation, Social Engagement, the 14th annual Futures conference, held last November. Mon, 12 Jun 2017 11:00 EDT New Report Calls for NSF to Develop Strategic Plan Specifying Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Research Priorities The social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) sciences make significant contributions to the National Science Foundation's mission to advance health, prosperity and welfare, national defense, and progress in science, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. NSF should undertake a systematic and transparent strategic planning process that defines SBE research priorities, the required resources, and how success in addressing SBE priorities will be evaluated over time. Although it is commendable that NSF consults with advisory groups and the broader scientific community to identify needs and opportunities in the SBE sciences, such as those outlined in its &quot;Rebuilding the Mosaic&quot; document, in the absence of a strategic plan, it is unclear how this input is combined and integrated in the agency's SBE research priorities. Read More Fri, 09 Jun 2017 11:00 EDT New Report Calls on Federal and State Collaboration to Address Brucellosis Transmission From Elk Efforts to control brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area should focus on reducing the risk of transmission from elk, which are now viewed as the primary source of the infection in new cases occurring in cattle and domestic bison, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Federal, state, and tribal groups should work in a coordinated and transparent manner to address brucellosis in multiple areas and jurisdictions. Read More Wed, 31 May 2017 10:00 EDT National Academies' Presidents Comment on Proposal for New Questions for Visa Applicants Comment on Supplemental Questions for Visa Applicants (DS-5535) NASEM 05162017.pdf In a letter to the U.S. Department of State, the presidents of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and National Academy of Medicine expressed concern that a proposal to add supplemental questions for visa applicants, published in the Federal Register on May 4, &quot;will have significant negative unintended consequences on the nation's international leadership in research, innovation, and education.&quot; The presidents warned that the proposal could discourage leading researchers from coming to the U.S. and could lead science, engineering, and medical societies to hold meetings elsewhere. International collaborations in science, engineering, and medicine have increased dramatically in the last two decades and are critical to the U.S. research enterprise, the presidents wrote. They also emphasized the important contributions of foreign students studying and working in laboratories here, who they fear may no longer see the United States as &quot;a welcoming country.&quot; Approximately 25 percent of the members of NAS, NAE, and NAM who are U.S. citizens were born outside the country, the letter notes. Fri, 19 May 2017 17:15 EDT Comment on Supplemental Questions for Visa Applicants (DS-5535) NASEM 05162017.pdf Actions Needed to Strengthen U.S. Skilled Technical Workforce Policymakers, employers, and educational institutions should take steps to strengthen the nation's skilled technical workforce, says a new report. Action is needed to support students in completing education and training programs and workers in upgrading their skills throughout their lives. Evidence suggests that as a nation, the United States is not adequately developing and sustaining a workforce with the skills needed to compete in the 21st century. Read More Wed, 17 May 2017, 11:00 EDT New Report Recommends Priority Actions to Achieve Global Health Security, Protect U.S. Position as Global Health Leader, and Safeguard Billions of Dollars in Health Investments A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine identifies global health priorities in light of current and emerging health challenges and makes recommendations to address these challenges, while maintaining U.S. status as a world leader in global health. Prioritization of resources for each issue or disease is necessary, and it is also essential to embrace a systems-focused approach to capacity building and partnership to achieve results more comprehensively. The committee that wrote the report identified four priority areas encompassing 14 recommendations for global health action: achieve global health security, maintain a sustained response to the continuous threats of communicable diseases, save and improve the lives of women and children, and promote cardiovascular health and prevent cancer. Read More Mon, 15 May 2017, 11:00 EDT Gulf Research Program Awards $3.2 Million in Capacity-Building Grants to Benefit Coastal Communities The Gulf Research Program of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine announced today the recipients of 12 capacity-building grants, totaling almost $3.2 million. These competitive grants support community organizations as they conduct science-based projects designed to benefit their coastal communities from the Gulf of Mexico to Maine to Alaska. Thu, 11 May 2017, 14:30 EDT New Report Examines How Assistive Technologies Can Enhance Work Participation for People With Disabilities Assistive products and technologies -- such as wheelchairs, upper-limb prostheses, and hearing and speech devices -- hold promise for partially or fully mitigating the effects of impairments and enabling people with disabilities to work, but in some cases environmental and personal factors create additional barriers to employment, says a new report from the National Academies. Read More Tue, 09 May 2017, 11:00 EDT G7 Academies Release Statements on Cultural Heritage, Economic Growth, Neurodegenerative Diseases Joint statements from the national science academies of the G7 nations were delivered today to the Italian government in advance of the G7 Summit to be held in Taormina, Italy, at the end of May. The statements, which are intended to inform discussions at the summit, call for actions to protect cultural heritage from natural disasters; invest in science, technology, and infrastructure to drive economic growth; and address the growing burden of Alzheimer&rsquo;s and Parkinson&rsquo;s diseases and other neurodegenerative disorders. G7 Academies&rsquo; Joint Statements 2017: Cultural heritage: building resilience to natural disastersNew economic growth: the role of science, technology, innovation and infrastructureThe challenge of neurodegenerative diseases in an aging population Wed, 03 May 2017, 01:30 EDT Academy Elects New Members, Foreign Associates The National Academy of Sciences elected 84 new members and 21 foreign associates in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. Election to the Academy is widely regarded as one of the highest honors that a scientist can receive. Read More Tue, 02 May 2017, 09:30 EDT NAS President Marcia McNutt Delivers Her First Annual Address to Members<br /> Today during the National Academy of Sciences' 154th annual meeting, in her first speech to the members of the Academy,&nbsp;NAS President Marcia McNutt stressed the ongoing vitality of America&rsquo;s scientific enterprise, and called on the country to strengthen its support for science and to continue to turn to science for solutions to the nation&rsquo;s and the world&rsquo;s most pressing challenges. Read More Mon, 01 May 2017, 12:00 EDT Kavli Portrait Unveiled A portrait commemorating the late physicist, entrepreneur, innovator, business leader, and philanthropist Fred Kavli was unveiled at the National Academy of Sciences 154th Annual Meeting. It can be found at the entrance of the Academy's Fred Kavli Auditorium, newly named in honor of a generous $10.5 million gift from The Kavli Foundation. Read More Mon, 01 May 2017 10:00 EDT NAS Honors Award Winners During a ceremony at its 154th annual meeting, the National Academy of Sciences presented the 2017 Public Welfare Medal to Jane Lubchenco for her &quot;successful efforts in bringing together the larger research community, its sponsors, and the public policy community to focus on urgent issues related to global environmental change.&quot; NAS also honored 21 other individuals with awards for their outstanding scientific achievements. News Release - Public Welfare MedalNews Release - Awards Mon, 01 May 2017, 09:00 EDT U.S. DRIVE Partnership Makes Significant Technology Advancements for Light-Duty Vehicles; Lack of Infrastructure for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles Remains a Challenge The U.S. DRIVE Partnership -- a government-industry partnership that fosters the development of precompetitive and innovative technologies for clean and efficient light-duty vehicles -- has made significant progress in many technical areas including advanced combustion technologies, durability and cost of hydrogen fuel cells, and electric drive systems such as motors, power electronics, and batteries, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. However, high costs for essentially all the technologies under development and lack of a hydrogen fuel infrastructure for deployment of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles remain challenges. Read More Tue, 25 Apr 2017, 11:00 EDT NAE Elects Treasurer and Four Councillors The National Academy of Engineering has re-elected Martin B. Sherwin, retired vice president of W.R. Grace, to serve a four-year term as the NAE's treasurer. Re-elected to second terms as councillors are Frances S. Ligler, Lampe Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering in the joint department of biomedical engineering at the North Carolina State University College of Engineering and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill School of Medicine, and H. Vincent Poor, Michael Henry Strater University Professor at Princeton University. And newly elected councillors are Katharine G. Frase, retired vice president of education business development at International Business Machines Corporation, and Yannis C. Yortsos, dean of the Viterbi School of Engineering at the University of Southern California. All terms begin July 1, 2017. Read More Fri, 21 Apr 2017, 18:00 EDT Report Identifies Grand Challenges for Scientific Community to Better Prepare for Volcanic Eruptions Despite broad understanding of volcanoes, our ability to predict the timing, duration, type, size, and consequences of volcanic eruptions is limited, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. To improve eruption forecasting and warnings to save lives, the report identifies research priorities for better monitoring of volcanic eruptions and three grand challenges facing the volcano science community. Read More Wed, 19 apr 2017 11:00 EDT The Kavli Foundation Gives $10.5 Million to the National Academy of Sciences to Establish Fred Kavli Endowment Fund; NAS Auditorium to Be Renamed in Kavli's Honor The National Academy of Sciences announced today that it has received a $10.5 million gift from The Kavli Foundation to establish the Fred Kavli Endowment Fund, which honors the late physicist, entrepreneur, innovator, business leader, and philanthropist. To recognize Kavli's generous and unwavering support for science, the auditorium of the historic National Academy of Sciences building will be renamed the Fred Kavli Auditorium. A portrait of Fred Kavli and a commemorative plaque will be unveiled at the NAS annual meeting, which will take place April 29-May 2. Mon, 17 apr 2017 11:00 EDT Integrating Clinical Research Into Epidemic Response Mobilization of a rapid and robust clinical research program to combat the next infectious disease epidemic will depend on strengthening capacity in low-income countries for response and research, engaging people living in affected communities, and conducting safety trials before an epidemic, says a new report from the National Academies. Read More Tue, 12 apr 2017 11:00 EDT Actions Needed to Protect Integrity in Research Stakeholders in the scientific research enterprise -- researchers, institutions, publishers, funders, scientific societies, and federal agencies -- should improve their practices and policies to respond to threats to the integrity of research, says a new report from the National Academies. Actions are needed to ensure the availability of data necessary for reproducing research, clarify authorship standards, protect whistleblowers, and make sure that negative as well as positive research findings are reported, among other steps. The report also recommends the establishment of an independent, nonprofit advisory board to support ongoing efforts to strengthen research integrity. Read More TUE, 11 APR 2017 14:00 EDT U.S. Could Be Rid of Hepatitis B and C as Public Health Problems A new report from the National Academies presents a strategy to eliminate hepatitis B and C as serious public health problems -- diseases that kill more than 20,000 people every year in the U.S. -- and prevent nearly 90,000 deaths by 2030. Read More Tue, 28 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT New Report Finds EPA's Controlled Human Exposure Studies of Air Pollution Are Warranted The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency carries out experiments in which volunteer participants agree to be intentionally exposed by inhalation to specific pollutants at restricted concentrations over short periods to obtain important information about the effects of outdoor air pollution on human health. A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds these studies are warranted and recommends that they continue under two conditions: when they provide additional knowledge that informs policy decisions and regulation of pollutants that cannot be obtained by other means, and when it is reasonably predictable that the risks for study participants will not exceed biomarker or physiologic responses that are of short duration and reversible. Read More Tue, 28 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT New Guidebook for Educators Outlines Ways to Better Align Student Assessments With New Science Standards A new book from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine outlines how educators can develop and adapt student assessments for the classroom that reflect the approach to learning and teaching science described in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and similar standards, which stress the integration of knowledge of science with scientific and engineering practices. Mon, 27 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT Decision Framework for DOD Regarding Genetic Tests in Clinical Care Advances in genetics and genomics are transforming medical practice, resulting in the dramatic growth of genetic testing, which includes testing for inherited cancer syndromes, predictive testing of newborns for evidence of treatable diseases, and prenatal testing to detect abnormalities in the genes or chromosomes of a fetus. Given the rapid pace in the development of genetic tests and new testing technologies &ndash; both laboratory developed tests and those marketed directly to the consumer &ndash; and the lack of federal regulation governing genetic tests, the U.S. Department of Defense Office of Health Affairs asked the National Academies to recommend a framework for DOD decision making regarding the use of genetic tests in clinical care. A new report lays out the decision framework. Mon, 27 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT G20 Science Academies Issue Statement on Global Health At the Science20 Dialogue Forum held today at the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, a statement on improving global health was handed to German Chancellor Angela Merkel by representatives of the G20 science academies. The statement recommends actions to combat communicable and non-communicable diseases, which endanger individual well-being and threaten the global economy. It is intended to inform discussions during the G20 Summit, which will be held in July in Hamburg, Germany. Wed, 22 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT Vital Directions to Improve Nation's Health System The National Academy of Medicine today released a new publication that provides a succinct blueprint to address challenges to Americans' health and health care that span beyond debates over insurance coverage. The paper is part of the NAM's Vital Directions for Health and Health Care Initiative, which conducted a comprehensive national health and health care assessment over the past 18 months. Written by the initiative's bipartisan steering committee, the publication presents a streamlined framework of eight policy directions, consisting of four priority actions and four essential infrastructure needs. Read More Tue, 21 Mar 2017 02:00 EDT New Report Outlines Research Agenda to Address Impact of Technology on Workforce Federal agencies or other organizations responsible for sponsoring research or collecting data on technology and the workforce should establish a multidisciplinary research program that addresses unanswered questions related to the impact of changing technology on the nature of work and U.S. national economy, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Read more Thu, 16 Mar 2017 12:00 EDT