News from the National Academies http://www.nationalacademies.org en-us News from the National Academies http://www.nationalacademies.org/site_assets/groups/nasite/documents/webgraphics/na_069845.gif http://www.nationalacademies.org NAS Annual Meeting Begins http://www.nasonline.org/about-nas/events/annual-meeting/nas154/home.html The National Academy of Sciences will hold its 154th annual meeting April 29 to May 2. During the meeting, the Academy will elect new members, induct members elected in 2016, and present its 2017 awards recognizing excellence in research or public service. Selected presentations and ceremonies will be video webcast. Follow the annual meeting activities on Twitter @theNASciences and join the annual meeting conversation #NAS154. Fri, 28 Apr 2017, 01:00 EDT http://www.nasonline.org/about-nas/events/annual-meeting/nas154/home.html U.S. DRIVE Partnership Makes Significant Technology Advancements for Light-Duty Vehicles; Lack of Infrastructure for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles Remains a Challenge http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24717 The U.S. DRIVE Partnership -- a government-industry partnership that fosters the development of precompetitive and innovative technologies for clean and efficient light-duty vehicles -- has made significant progress in many technical areas including advanced combustion technologies, durability and cost of hydrogen fuel cells, and electric drive systems such as motors, power electronics, and batteries, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. However, high costs for essentially all the technologies under development and lack of a hydrogen fuel infrastructure for deployment of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles remain challenges. Read More Tue, 25 Apr 2017, 11:00 EDT http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24717 NAE Elects Treasurer and Four Councillors https://www.nae.edu/Projects/MediaRoom/20095/164396/168736.aspx The National Academy of Engineering has re-elected Martin B. Sherwin, retired vice president of W.R. Grace, to serve a four-year term as the NAE's treasurer. Re-elected to second terms as councillors are Frances S. Ligler, Lampe Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering in the joint department of biomedical engineering at the North Carolina State University College of Engineering and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill School of Medicine, and H. Vincent Poor, Michael Henry Strater University Professor at Princeton University. And newly elected councillors are Katharine G. Frase, retired vice president of education business development at International Business Machines Corporation, and Yannis C. Yortsos, dean of the Viterbi School of Engineering at the University of Southern California. All terms begin July 1, 2017. Read More Fri, 21 Apr 2017, 18:00 EDT https://www.nae.edu/Projects/MediaRoom/20095/164396/168736.aspx Report Identifies Grand Challenges for Scientific Community to Better Prepare for Volcanic Eruptions http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24650 Despite broad understanding of volcanoes, our ability to predict the timing, duration, type, size, and consequences of volcanic eruptions is limited, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. To improve eruption forecasting and warnings to save lives, the report identifies research priorities for better monitoring of volcanic eruptions and three grand challenges facing the volcano science community. Read More Wed, 19 apr 2017 11:00 EDT http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24650 The Kavli Foundation Gives $10.5 Million to the National Academy of Sciences to Establish Fred Kavli Endowment Fund; NAS Auditorium to Be Renamed in Kavli's Honor http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/Fred-Kavli-Endowment-Fund.html The National Academy of Sciences announced today that it has received a $10.5 million gift from The Kavli Foundation to establish the Fred Kavli Endowment Fund, which honors the late physicist, entrepreneur, innovator, business leader, and philanthropist. To recognize Kavli's generous and unwavering support for science, the auditorium of the historic National Academy of Sciences building will be renamed the Fred Kavli Auditorium. A portrait of Fred Kavli and a commemorative plaque will be unveiled at the NAS annual meeting, which will take place April 29-May 2. Mon, 17 apr 2017 11:00 EDT http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/Fred-Kavli-Endowment-Fund.html Integrating Clinical Research Into Epidemic Response http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24739&_ga=1.116538886.141596223.1486144204 Mobilization of a rapid and robust clinical research program to combat the next infectious disease epidemic will depend on strengthening capacity in low-income countries for response and research, engaging people living in affected communities, and conducting safety trials before an epidemic, says a new report from the National Academies. Read More Tue, 12 apr 2017 11:00 EDT http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24739&_ga=1.116538886.141596223.1486144204 Actions Needed to Protect Integrity in Research http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21896 Stakeholders in the scientific research enterprise -- researchers, institutions, publishers, funders, scientific societies, and federal agencies -- should improve their practices and policies to respond to threats to the integrity of research, says a new report from the National Academies. Actions are needed to ensure the availability of data necessary for reproducing research, clarify authorship standards, protect whistleblowers, and make sure that negative as well as positive research findings are reported, among other steps. The report also recommends the establishment of an independent, nonprofit advisory board to support ongoing efforts to strengthen research integrity. Read More TUE, 11 APR 2017 14:00 EDT http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21896 U.S. Could Be Rid of Hepatitis B and C as Public Health Problems http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24731 A new report from the National Academies presents a strategy to eliminate hepatitis B and C as serious public health problems -- diseases that kill more than 20,000 people every year in the U.S. -- and prevent nearly 90,000 deaths by 2030. Read More Tue, 28 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24731 New Report Finds EPA's Controlled Human Exposure Studies of Air Pollution Are Warranted http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24618 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency carries out experiments in which volunteer participants agree to be intentionally exposed by inhalation to specific pollutants at restricted concentrations over short periods to obtain important information about the effects of outdoor air pollution on human health. A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds these studies are warranted and recommends that they continue under two conditions: when they provide additional knowledge that informs policy decisions and regulation of pollutants that cannot be obtained by other means, and when it is reasonably predictable that the risks for study participants will not exceed biomarker or physiologic responses that are of short duration and reversible. Read More Tue, 28 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24618 New Guidebook for Educators Outlines Ways to Better Align Student Assessments With New Science Standards http://www.nap.edu/23548 A new book from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine outlines how educators can develop and adapt student assessments for the classroom that reflect the approach to learning and teaching science described in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and similar standards, which stress the integration of knowledge of science with scientific and engineering practices. Mon, 27 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT http://www.nap.edu/23548 Decision Framework for DOD Regarding Genetic Tests in Clinical Care https://www.nap.edu/catalog/24632/an-evidence-framework-for-genetic-testing Advances in genetics and genomics are transforming medical practice, resulting in the dramatic growth of genetic testing, which includes testing for inherited cancer syndromes, predictive testing of newborns for evidence of treatable diseases, and prenatal testing to detect abnormalities in the genes or chromosomes of a fetus. Given the rapid pace in the development of genetic tests and new testing technologies – both laboratory developed tests and those marketed directly to the consumer – and the lack of federal regulation governing genetic tests, the U.S. Department of Defense Office of Health Affairs asked the National Academies to recommend a framework for DOD decision making regarding the use of genetic tests in clinical care. A new report lays out the decision framework. Mon, 27 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT https://www.nap.edu/catalog/24632/an-evidence-framework-for-genetic-testing G20 Science Academies Issue Statement on Global Health http://www.leopoldina.org/en/publications/detailview/publication/verbesserung-der-globalen-gesundheit-2017/ At the Science20 Dialogue Forum held today at the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, a statement on improving global health was handed to German Chancellor Angela Merkel by representatives of the G20 science academies. The statement recommends actions to combat communicable and non-communicable diseases, which endanger individual well-being and threaten the global economy. It is intended to inform discussions during the G20 Summit, which will be held in July in Hamburg, Germany. Wed, 22 Mar 2017 11:00 EDT http://www.leopoldina.org/en/publications/detailview/publication/verbesserung-der-globalen-gesundheit-2017/ Vital Directions to Improve Nation's Health System http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=3212017 The National Academy of Medicine today released a new publication that provides a succinct blueprint to address challenges to Americans' health and health care that span beyond debates over insurance coverage. The paper is part of the NAM's Vital Directions for Health and Health Care Initiative, which conducted a comprehensive national health and health care assessment over the past 18 months. Written by the initiative's bipartisan steering committee, the publication presents a streamlined framework of eight policy directions, consisting of four priority actions and four essential infrastructure needs. Read More Tue, 21 Mar 2017 02:00 EDT http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=3212017 New Report Outlines Research Agenda to Address Impact of Technology on Workforce https://www.nap.edu/catalog/24649/information-technology-and-the-us-workforce-where-are-we-and Federal agencies or other organizations responsible for sponsoring research or collecting data on technology and the workforce should establish a multidisciplinary research program that addresses unanswered questions related to the impact of changing technology on the nature of work and U.S. national economy, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Read more Thu, 16 Mar 2017 12:00 EDT https://www.nap.edu/catalog/24649/information-technology-and-the-us-workforce-where-are-we-and