The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children—more commonly known as WIC—serves about 9.3 million low-income, nutritionally at-risk individuals every month. Much of the data on the program’s health outcomes is more than 20 years old. In October 2009, Congress appropriated $15 million for new research on WIC. USDA turned to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to hold a public workshop to gather information on how to best use the funds.
During the workshop, held July 20-21, 2010, participants discussed previous research, current studies, and possible future research on the short and long-term impacts of WIC on subjects including birth outcomes, obesity, breastfeeding protection, food insecurity and hunger, dietary intake and nutritional status, nutritional education, families, and the health care system in general. Methodological concerns and data considerations to carry out the proposed research were addressed. This document summarizes the workshop.