Technological advances in noninvasive neuroimaging, neurophysiology, genome sequencing, and other methods together with rapid progress in computational and statistical methods and data storage have facilitated large-scale collection of human genomic, cognitive, behavioral, and brain-based data. The rapid development of neurotechnologies and associated databases has been mirrored by an increase in attempts to introduce neuroscience and behavioral genetic evidence into legal proceedings.
On March 6, 2018, the Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, in collaboration with the Committee on Science, Technology, and Law (CSTL), held a public workshop to explore and advance efforts to identify and evaluate the potential effects of emerging neurotechnologies on the legal system. The workshop brought together leaders from academia, judicial and law enforcement systems, industry, government and regulatory agencies, non-profit foundations and other stakeholders to explore the current uses of neuroscience, with a particular focus on neuroimaging technologies, in legal settings as well as the implications of potentially expanded use of these technologies in the future. The workshop rapporteurs have prepared this proceedings as a factual summation of the session discussions at the workshop.