Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2014 Letter Report


NASA’s Human Research Program developed a collection of evidence reports that provide “the current record of the state of knowledge from research and operations” for more than 30 human health and performance risks related to long-duration and exploration spaceflights. To review NASA’s evidence reports, the IOM assembled a multi-disciplinary committee with expertise in aerospace medicine, occupational health, radiation medicine, human performance, systems engineering, human-computer interaction, internal medicine, physiology and cardiovascular health, immunology, behavioral health and sociology, task simulation and training, and biomedical informatics.

This letter report is the second in a series of five reports, which examine the quality of the evidence, analysis, and overall construction of each report; identifies existing gaps in report content; and, provides suggestions for additional sources of expert input. Specifically, this letter report examines the evidence of health and performance risks related to: immune response, host-microorganism interactions, human and automation/robot integration, human-computer interaction, vehicle/habitat design, critical task design, and performance errors and training.