Report at a Glance
Bridging the Evidence Gap in Obesity: Prevention A Framework to Inform Decision Making
About 68 percent of adults in the United States aged 20 years or older are either overweight or obese. Among children, the rate is nearly 32 percent. The obesity epidemic poses major challenges for policy makers, public health professionals, and other decision makers who need to act decisively to respond to this widespread health problem. To inform their decisions, they need relevant and useful evidence on promising obesity prevention actions for the populations they serve.
In 2008, Kaiser Permanente asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to develop a practical, action-oriented framework to guide the use of evidence in decision making about obesity prevention policies and programs and to guide the generation of new and relevant evidence. The IOM convened a committee that sought the answers to two fundamental questions:
- How can evidence that is currently available and potentially relevant to decisions about obesity prevention be identified, evaluated, and compiled in ways that will best inform decisions?
- How can more evidence be developed that is of high quality and framed to be directly relevant to decision making on obesity prevention?