Report at a Glance
Actions for Healthy Eating and Increasing Physical Activity
Actions for Healthy Eating
Goal 1: Improve access to and consumption of healthy, safe, and affordable foods.
Strategy 1: Retail Outlets
Increase community access to healthy foods through supermarkets, grocery stores, and convenience/ corner stores.
Create incentive programs to attract supermarkets and grocery stores to underserved neighborhoods
(e.g., tax credits, grant and loan programs, small business/economic development programs, and other economic incentives).
- Realign bus routes or provide other transportation, such as mobile community vans or shuttles to ensure that residents can access supermarkets or grocery stores easily and affordably through public transportation.
- Create incentive programs to enable current small food store owners in underserved areas to carry healthier, affordable food items (e.g., grants or loans to purchase refrigeration equipment to store fruits, vegetables, and fat-free/low-fat dairy; free publicity; a city awards program; or linkages to wholesale distributors).
- Use zoning regulations to enable healthy food providers to locate in underserved neighborhoods (e.g., "as of right" and "conditional use permits").
- Enhance accessibility to grocery stores through public safety efforts, such as better outdoor lighting and police patrolling.
Strategy 2: Restaurants
Improve the availability and identification of healthful foods in restaurants.
Require menu labeling in chain restaurants to provide consumers with calorie information on in-store menus and menu boards.
- Encourage non-chain restaurants to provide consumers with calorie information on in-store menus and menu boards.
- Offer incentives (e.g., recognition or endorsement) for restaurants that promote healthier options (for example, by increasing the offerings of healthier foods, serving age-appropriate portion sizes,
or making the default standard options healthy – i.e., apples or carrots instead of French fries, and non-fat milk instead of soda in "kids’ meals").
Strategy 3: Community Food Access
Promote efforts to provide fruits and vegetables in a variety of settings, such as farmers’ markets, farm stands, mobile markets, community gardens, and youth-focused gardens.
- Encourage farmers markets to accept Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) food package vouchers and WIC Farmers Market Nutrition Program coupons; and encourage and make it possible for farmers markets to accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (or SNAP, formerly the Food Stamp Program) and WIC Program Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards by allocating funding for equipment that uses electronic methods of payment.
- Improve funding for outreach, education, and transportation to encourage use of farmers markets and farm stands by residents of lower-income neighborhoods, and by WIC and SNAP recipients.
- Introduce or modify land use policies/zoning regulations to promote, expand, and protect potential sites for community gardens and farmers’ markets, such as vacant city-owned land or unused parking lots.
- Develop community-based group activities (e.g., community kitchens) that link procurement of affordable,
healthy food with improving skills in purchasing and preparing food.
Strategy 4: Public Programs and Worksites
Ensure that publicly-run entities such as after-school programs, child-care facilities, recreation centers, and local government worksites implement policies and practices to promote healthy foods and beverages and reduce or eliminate the availability of calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods.
Mandate and implement strong nutrition standards for foods and beverages available in government-
run or regulated after-school programs, recreation centers, parks, and child care facilities (which includes limiting access to calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods).
- Ensure that local government agencies that operate cafeterias and vending options have strong
nutrition standards in place wherever foods and beverages are sold or available.
- Provide incentives or subsidies to government run or regulated programs and localities that provide healthy foods at competitive prices and limit calorie-dense, nutrient poor foods (e.g., after-school programs that provide fruits or vegetables every day, and eliminate calorie-dense, nutrient poor foods in vending machines or as part of the program).