The Domestic and International Impacts of the 2009-H1N1 Influenza A Pandemic: Global Challenges, Global Solutions. Workshop Summary


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In March 2009, a new H1N1 influenza A virus emerged in Mexico and the United States. On June 11, 2009, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic in response to the sustained global spread of the virus. President Obama, on October 24, 2009, signed an official proclamation declaring the 2009-H1N1 influenza A swine flu outbreak a national emergency in the United States. While the 2009 H1N1 pandemic appears to be the mildest pandemic of the past century, many scientific and policy questions related to this virus remain unanswered.

On September 15-16, 2009, the IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats held a public workshop to discuss the domestic and international impacts of the 2009 H1N1 influenza A pandemic. Participants explored the origins, evolution, and epidemiology of the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus as well as prospects for development and distribution of vaccines and other mitigation measures. In addition, participants discussed the value of disease detection and surveillance in understanding the epidemiology of the virus and in evaluating the success of various interventions to reduce the virus's spread. This report summarizes the workshop's discussions.