Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility ...
Released: September 09, 2003
Alcohol use by young people is extremely dangerous - both to themselves and society at large. Underage alcohol use is associated with traffic fatalities, violence, unsafe sex, suicide, educational failure, and other problem behaviors that diminish the prospects of future success, as well as health risks – and the earlier teens start drinking, the greater the danger. Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsbility, a joint report by the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, addresses these questions and proposes a new way to combat underage alcohol use.
Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative : Health and ...
Released: June 17, 2002
Every year approximately 30,000 people die by suicide in the United States, and one million worldwide. Over the last 100 years, suicides have out-numbered homicides by at least 3 to 2. Concerned about high suicide rates, several federal agencies joined together to ask the Institute of Medicine to convene the Committee on Pathophysiology and Prevention of Adolescent and Adult Suicide to examine the state of the science base, gaps in our knowledge, strategies for prevention, and research designs for the study of suicide. The committee's report, Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative, explores what is known about the epidemiology, risk factors, and interventions for suicide and suicide attempts.
State Programs Can Reduce Tobacco Use : Health and ...
Released: January 01, 2000
The board followed debates taking place in state capitals throughout 1998 and 1999, and decided in July 1999, in consultation with the Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention of the Institute of Medicine, that it would be useful to summarize evidence about the effectiveness of state tobacco control programs and to briefly describe those programs for state government officials.
The Role of Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental ...
Released: January 01, 1999
On June 8, 1999, the Institute of Medicine's Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health convened a workshop on "The Role of Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Illness in Violence," which explored the linkages between violence and these disorders. The workshop focused on state-of-the-science epidemiology; model treatment programs; public perceptions of substance abuse, mental illness, and violence; and opportunities for future research and developments.
Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging ...
Released: January 01, 1998
Today, most substance abuse treatment is administered by community-based organizations. If providers could readily incorporate the most recent advances in understanding the mechanisms of addiction and treatment, the treatment would be much more effective and efficient. Informed by real-life experiences in addiction treatment including workshops and site visits, this report examines why research remains remote from treatment and makes specific recommendations to community providers, federal and state agencies, and other decisionmakers.