About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis and Assessment ... Released: June 16, 2006
    The committee found that PTSD is a well characterized medical disorder and that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria for diagnosing PTSD are evidence-based, widely accepted, and widely used. According to the committee’s report, PTSD should be diagnosed and assessed by a health professional with experience in diagnosing psychiatric disorders (e.g., primary care physicians, nurses, social workers) using the DSM-IV criteria.
  • A Study of Interactions: Emerging Issues in the Study of ... Released: March 22, 2006
    Summarizing the major themes discussed at a September 2005 workshop, this report provides an initial overview of key findings from different fields of research on adolescence and highlights fundamental processes that shape adolescent health and development.
  • Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and ... Released: November 01, 2005
    This report, Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions: Quality Chasm Series, examines those differences, finds that the Quality Chasm framework is applicable to health care for mental and substance-use conditions, and describes a multifaceted and comprehensive strategy to do so.
  • Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity ... Released: June 03, 2005
    This report reviews the unique circumstances of soldiers deployed in short-term, high intensity missions; by considering health concerns, food intake, energy expenditure, physical exercise and food technology issues, the report gives recommendations on the nutritional composition of daily rations for assault missions.
  • Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility ... Released: September 09, 2003
    Alcohol use by young people is extremely dangerous - both to themselves and society at large. Underage alcohol use is associated with traffic fatalities, violence, unsafe sex, suicide, educational failure, and other problem behaviors that diminish the prospects of future success, as well as health risks – and the earlier teens start drinking, the greater the danger. Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsbility, a joint report by the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, addresses these questions and proposes a new way to combat underage alcohol use.
  • Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative : Health and ... Released: June 17, 2002
    Every year approximately 30,000 people die by suicide in the United States, and one million worldwide. Over the last 100 years, suicides have out-numbered homicides by at least 3 to 2. Concerned about high suicide rates, several federal agencies joined together to ask the Institute of Medicine to convene the Committee on Pathophysiology and Prevention of Adolescent and Adult Suicide to examine the state of the science base, gaps in our knowledge, strategies for prevention, and research designs for the study of suicide. The committee's report, Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative, explores what is known about the epidemiology, risk factors, and interventions for suicide and suicide attempts.
  • State Programs Can Reduce Tobacco Use : Health and ... Released: January 01, 2000
    The board followed debates taking place in state capitals throughout 1998 and 1999, and decided in July 1999, in consultation with the Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention of the Institute of Medicine, that it would be useful to summarize evidence about the effectiveness of state tobacco control programs and to briefly describe those programs for state government officials.
  • New Partnerships for a Changing Environment: Why Drug and ... Released: January 01, 2000
    This brochure illustrates the gaps between drug and alcohol treatment providers and researchers and suggests ways to bridge them.
  • The Role of Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental ... Released: January 01, 1999
    On June 8, 1999, the Institute of Medicine's Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health convened a workshop on "The Role of Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Illness in Violence," which explored the linkages between violence and these disorders. The workshop focused on state-of-the-science epidemiology; model treatment programs; public perceptions of substance abuse, mental illness, and violence; and opportunities for future research and developments.
  • Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging ... Released: January 01, 1998
    Today, most substance abuse treatment is administered by community-based organizations. If providers could readily incorporate the most recent advances in understanding the mechanisms of addiction and treatment, the treatment would be much more effective and efficient. Informed by real-life experiences in addiction treatment including workshops and site visits, this report examines why research remains remote from treatment and makes specific recommendations to community providers, federal and state agencies, and other decisionmakers.