About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Speaking of Health: Assessing Health Communication ... Released: July 06, 2002
    Communication interventions intended to affect health behavior are an increasingly important strategy for improving the health of the American people. However, effective communication is highly dependent upon the social and cultural milieu that shapes the individuals, families, and communities that are the intended recipients. Because we live in an increasingly diverse nation, it is important to understand more fully how these different messages should be constructed and delivered. This report, Speaking of Health: Assessing Health Communication Strategies for Diverse Populations, addresses the challenge of improving health communications in a racially and culturally diverse society.
  • Evolution of Evidence for Selected Nutrient and Disease ... Released: June 10, 2002
    This report looked at the possibility that the scientific method could be accelerated to yield findings more quickly by identifying patterns of evolving evidence in nutrient-disease relationships.
  • Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities ... Released: March 20, 2002
    The report from that study, Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, found that a consistent body of research demonstrates significant variation in the rates of medical procedures by race, even when insurance status, income, age, and severity of conditions are comparable.
  • Safe Passage: Astronaut Care for Exploration Missions ... Released: October 23, 2001
    Safe Passage: Astronaut Care for Exploration Missions sets forth a vision for space medicine as it applies to deep space voyage. As space missions increase in duration from months to years and extend well beyond Earth's orbit, so will the attendant risks of working in these extreme and isolated environmental conditions. Going beyond the body of biomedical research, the report examines existing space medicine clinical and behavioral research and health care data and the policies attendant to them.
  • The Right Thing to Do, The Smart Thing to Do: Enhancing ... Released: August 31, 2001
    The Symposium on Diversity in the Health Professions in Honor of Herbert W. Nickens, M.D. was convened in March 2001 to provide a forum for health policymakers, health professions educators, education policymakers, researchers, and others to address three significant and contradictory challenges. The Right Thing to Do, The Smart Thing to Do: Enhancing Diversity in Health Professions illustrates how the health care industry and health care professions are fighting to retain the public’s confidence so that the U.S. health care system can continue to be the world’s best.
  • The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation's ... Released: January 01, 2000
    Malnutrition and obesity are both common among Americans over age 65. There are also a host of other medical conditions from which older people and other Medicare beneficiaries suffer that could be improved with appropriate nutritional intervention. Despite that, access to a nutrition professional is very limited. This book addresses these questions, provides recommendations for nutrition services for the elderly, and considers how the coverage policy should be approached and practiced.
  • Toward Environmental Justice: Research, Education, and ... Released: March 01, 1999
    Is environmental degradation worse in poor and minority communities? Do these communities suffer more adverse health effects as a result? The committee addresses these questions and explores how current fragmentation in health policy could be replaced with greater coordination among federal, state, and local parties.
  • The Unequal Burden of Cancer: An Assessment of NIH ... Released: January 01, 1999
    We know more about cancer prevention, detection, and treatment than ever before--yet not all segments of the U.S. population have benefited to the fullest extent possible from these advances. Some ethnic minorities experience more cancer than the majority population, and poor people--no matter what their ethnicity--often lack access to adequate cancer care. This report provides an authoritative view of cancer as it is experienced by ethnic minorities and the medically underserved.
  • Evaluating Food Assistance Programs in an Era of Welfare ... Released: January 01, 1999
    In collaboration with the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the NRC and the Institute of Medicine (IOM), and with the Food and Nutrition Board of the IOM, CNSTAT convened a one-and-a-half-day workshop on February 12-13, 1998, to discuss evaluation of food assistance programs in an era of welfare reform.