Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Ethical Considerations for Research on Housing-Related ...
Released: September 19, 2005
In the wake of the Maryland Court of Appeals ruling in the case of Grimes v. Kennedy Krieger Institute, the National Academies was asked to review the challenges and ethical issues in conducting housing-related health hazards research.
Mortality in US Army Gulf War Veterans Exposed to 1991 ...
Released: July 25, 2005
A research paper to be published in the August 2005 issue of the American Journal of Public Health finds that Gulf War veterans who may have been exposed to nerve agents during the March 1991 weapons demolitions in Khamisiyah, Iraq, appear to have a higher risk for brain cancer death than veterans who were not exposed.
Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity ...
Released: June 03, 2005
This report reviews the unique circumstances of soldiers deployed in short-term, high intensity missions; by considering health concerns, food intake, energy expenditure, physical exercise and food technology issues, the report gives recommendations on the nutritional composition of daily rations for assault missions.
WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change : Health and ...
Released: April 27, 2005
The committee concluded that it was time for a change in the WIC food packages and the report provides details on the proposed new food packages, summarizes how the proposed packages differ from current packages, and discusses the rationale for the proposed packages.
Preliminary Considerations Regarding NASA's ...
Released: March 09, 2005
Extending the spatial and temporal boundaries of human space flight are important goals for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), yet human space flight remains an endeavor with substantial risks. NASA's Bioastronautics Critical Path Roadmap (BCPR) defines risk as "the conditional probability of an adverse event occurring, or a system performance-related inefficiency." This is the interim report of the IOM committee's review of NASA's BCPR. The purpose of this report is to provide NASA with preliminary conclusions regarding the strengths and weakness of the BCPR.
Enabling America: Assessing the Role of Rehabilitation ...
Released: February 24, 2005
Advocates for Americans with disabilities have highlighted for the public the economic and social costs of disability and the importance of rehabilitation. Enabling America: Assessing the Role of Rehabilitation Science and Engineering is a major analysis of the field of rehabilitation science and engineering. The book explains how to achieve recognition for this evolving field of study, how to set priorities, and how to improve the organization and administration of the numerous federal research programs in this area.
Quality Through Collaboration: The Future of Rural Health ...
Released: November 01, 2004
Rural America is a vital component of American society. Representing nearly 20 percent of the population, rural communities, like urban landscapes, are rich in cultural diversity. However, the smaller, poorer, and more isolated a rural community is, the more difficult it is to ensure the availability of high-quality health services. The Institute of Medicine report, Quality Through Collaboration: The Future of Rural Health examines the quality of health care in rural America.
Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance : Health ...
Released: September 29, 2004
In response to a request from Congress for a prevention-oriented action plan to tackle the alarming rise in childhood obesity, the IOM Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth has developed a comprehensive national strategy that recommends specific actions for families, schools, industry, communities, and government. The committee's findings and recommendations are described in the report Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance.
Case Control Study of Cancer among US Army Veterans ...
Released: August 26, 2004
To determine if entry into US Army service during periods of administration of SV40-contaminated adenovirus vaccine was associated with an increased risk of cancer, the authors conducted a case control study of cancer occurring in male Army veterans who entered service in 1959–1961.
Proposed Criteria for Selecting the WIC Food Packages ...
Released: August 19, 2004
The food packages designed to supplement the diets of low-income individuals through the USDA's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) have remained largely unchanged since the program was started in 1974. As a first step toward determining if changes are needed to strengthen the nutritional quality of the WIC food packages, an IOM committee has evaluated the dietary intakes of the WIC-eligible population. The findings are summarized in the committee's preliminary report, Proposed Criteria For Selecting the WIC Food Packages.