About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Health Insurance and Insights from Health Literacy: Helping ... Released: March 13, 2017
    The Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a public workshop to examine health insurance through the lens of health literacy, focusing on literacy related barriers to information and coverage as well as on possible solutions.
  • Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity : Health ... Released: January 11, 2017
    Health equity is the state in which everyone has the opportunity to attain full health potential and no one is disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of social position or any other socially defined circumstance. Currently in the United States, the burdens of disease and poor health and the benefits of well-being and good health are inequitably distributed with negative consequences for the nation’s wellbeing, prosperity, and economic competitiveness. Although some aspects of a person’s health status depend on individual behaviors and choice, health is also shaped by community-wide factors, and research shows that problems like poverty, unemployment, low educational attainment, inadequate housing, lack of public transportation, exposure to violence, and neighborhood deterioration (social or physical) shape health and contribute to health inequities.
  • Health Insurance and Insights from Health Literacy: Helping ... Released: December 01, 2016
    The Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop on health literacy in the context of health reform in the United States. The workshop was the most recent health reform–related activity of the roundtable, noted Bernard Rosof of the Quality in HealthCare Advisory Group, in his opening remarks.
  • Relevance of Health Literacy to Precision Medicine ... Released: November 10, 2016
    The Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) aims to develop new approaches for detecting, measuring, and analyzing a wide range of biomedical information including molecular, genomic, cellular, clinical, behavioral, physiological, and environmental parameters, is intended to enable a new era of medicine in which researchers, providers, and patients work together to develop individualized care. An important challenge to assembling the research cohort needed for this initiative is reaching individuals who are socioeconomically disadvantaged.
  • Exploring Data and Metrics of Value at the Intersection of ... Released: September 26, 2016
    Two divisions of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the Health and Medicine Division (HMD) and the Transportation Research Board (TRB), held a joint workshop, Exploring Data and Metrics of Value at the Intersection of Health Care and Transportation on June 6–7, 2016, to examine partnerships, data, and measurement at the intersection of the health care and transportation sectors.
  • Integrating Health Literacy, Cultural Competence, and ... Released: July 18, 2016
    To better understand how the dynamic forces operating in health care today impact the delivery of services in a way that is health literate, culturally competent, and in an appropriate language for patients and their families, the Roundtable on Health Literacy established an ad hoc committee to plan and conduct a public workshop on the integration of health literacy, cultural competence, and language access services.
  • Relevance of Health Literacy to Precision Medicine ... Released: June 08, 2016
    On March 2, 2016, the Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to examine the relevance of health literacy to precision medicine, a growing field that takes into account individuals’ differences in genes, environments, and lifestyles. The workshop explored the intersection of health literacy and precision medicine through a number of topics, but its impetus was the Precision Medicine Initiative.
  • Health Literacy and Palliative Care: Workshop Summary ... Released: May 20, 2016
    To explore the relationship between palliative care and health literacy, and the importance of health literate communication in providing high-quality delivery of palliative care, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Health Literacy convened this 1-day public workshop featuring presentations and discussions that exam­ined the effect of low health literacy on all aspects of palliative care.
  • Eliminating the Public Health Problem of Hepatitis B and C in ... Released: April 11, 2016
    Viral hepatitis is the seventh leading cause of death in the world, killing more people than road traffic injuries, HIV and AIDS, or diabetes. Every year chronic viral hepatitis, of which hepatitis B and C are the most common forms, kills a million people, roughly 20,000 of them in the United States. These deaths could be prevented. Hepatitis B vaccine conveys 95 percent immunity, and new therapies for hepatitis C cure the vast majority of patients.
  • Health Literacy and Consumer-Facing Technology: Workshop ... Released: October 28, 2015
    The proliferation of consumer-facing technology and personal health information technology has grown steadily over the past decade, and has certainly exploded over the past several years. The goal of this workshop was to explore health literate practices in health information technology and then provide and consider the ramifications of this rapidly growing field on the health literacy of users.