Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Developing a Performance Standard for Combination Unit ...
Released: June 17, 2015
Combination unit respirators, a respirator that employs the technology of two or more types of respiratory protection, are presently used in the United States by some law enforcement and military units to respond to situations in which there are unknown and potentially dangerous respiratory hazards; they also have some industrial uses and potential for use in emergency response.
Cross-Sector Responses to Obesity: Models for Change ...
Released: June 15, 2015
Obesity affects 17 percent of children and adolescents and almost 36 percent of adults in the United States. In 2014, the IOM created the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions to engage leadership from multiple sectors in responding to the obesity crisis. In the roundtable's second workshop, which was held on September 30, 2014, presenters explored ways in which sectors can work together to achieve more progress than would be possible with any sector working on its own.
Physical Activity: Moving Toward Obesity Solutions ...
Released: June 10, 2015
On April 14-15, 2015, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions held a 2-day workshop titled “Physical Activity: Moving Toward Obesity Solutions.” The goal of the April 14-15 workshop was to provide an expert summary of the state of the science regarding the impact of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity and to highlight innovative strategies for promoting physical activity across segments of the population.
Genomics-Enabled Learning Health Care Systems: Gathering ...
Released: May 15, 2015
To examine pragmatic approaches to incorporating genomics in learning health care systems, the IOM’s Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health hosted a workshop on December 8, 2014. A variety of stakeholder groups, including commercial developers, health information technology professionals, clinical providers, academic researchers, patient groups, and government and health system representatives, presented their perspectives and participated in discussions on maximizing the value that can be obtained from genomic information. The workshop examined how a variety of systems are capturing and making use of genomic data to generate knowledge for advancing health care in the 21st century. It also sought to evaluate the challenges, opportunities, and best practices for capturing or using genomic information in knowledge-generating health care systems.
Collaboration Between Health Care and Public Health ...
Released: April 29, 2015
This brief summary of the workshop highlights presentations and discussion sessions that followed, and it should not be viewed as conclusions or recommendations from the workshop. Statements made and opinions expressed are those of individual presenters and participants, and are not necessarily endorsed or verified by the IOM or the roundtable, and they should not be construed as reflecting any group consensus. A more detailed summary of the workshop proceedings will be available in 2015.
Vital Signs: Core Metrics for Health and Health Care Progress ...
Released: April 28, 2015
With support from the Blue Shield of California Foundation, the California Healthcare Foundation, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened a committee to identify core measures for health and health care. In VITAL SIGNS: Core Metrics for Health and Health Care Progress, the committee proposes a streamlined set of 15 standardized measures, with recommendations for their application at every level and across sectors. Ultimately, the committee concludes that this streamlined set of measures could provide consistent benchmarks for health progress across the nation and improve system performance in the highest-priority areas.
Developing a 21st Century Neuroscience Workforce ...
Released: April 21, 2015
Given the changing landscape resulting from technological advances and the growing importance of interdisciplinary and collaborative science, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders convened a workshop on October 28 and 29, 2014, in Washington, DC, to explore future workforce needs and how these needs should inform training programs.
Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After ...
Released: April 15, 2015
In the devastation that follows a major disaster, there is a need for multiple sectors to unite and devote new resources to support the rebuilding of infrastructure, the provision of health and social services, the restoration of care delivery systems, and other critical recovery needs. In some cases, billions of dollars from public, private and charitable sources are invested to help communities recover. National rhetoric often characterizes these efforts as a “return to normal.” But for many American communities, pre-disaster conditions are far from optimal.
Regional Disaster Response Coordination to Support Health ...
Released: April 15, 2015
As many communities within a region will have similar vulnerabilities when considering disasters, a logical step in planning is to establish responsibilities and capacities, and be able to work toward common goals to address all-hazards when the entire region is affected. To explore these considerations, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events organized a series of three regional workshops in 2014.
Spread, Scale, and Sustainability in Population Health ...
Released: April 14, 2015
Spread, Scale, and Sustainability in Population Health is the summary of a workshop held by the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM's) Roundtable on Population Health Improvement in December 2014. The workshop featured dialogue with practitioners in health and nonhealth sectors who work on evidence-based initiatives in state, national, and global contexts.