About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population ... Released: September 30, 2015
    The health sector has a growing need to use modeling to inform policy decisions and for selecting and refining potential strategies (e.g., ranging from interventions to investments) to improve the health of communities and the nation. Modeling has been used across many disciplines to assist in the development of public policy decisions for decades. A growing interest in systems science approaches to population health has led public health researchers, regulators and others to turn to modeling more than ever, and many types of models have been used to forecast health effects associated with current and future risk behaviors. For example, tobacco control and infectious disease are two areas where modeling has been used to inform health policy decisions.
  • Health Literacy: Past, Present, and Future: Workshop ... Released: August 11, 2015
    Health Literacy: Past, Present, and Future commemorates the 2004 release and features invited presentations and discussions of the progress made in the field of health literacy since that time, explores the current state of the field, and discusses possible directions for future health literacy efforts.
  • Non-Invasive Neuromodulation of the Central Nervous System ... Released: July 27, 2015
    Given the growing interest in non-invasive neuromodulation technologies, the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders convened a workshop, inviting a range of stakeholders—including developers of devices and new technologies, researchers, clinicians, ethicists, regulators, and payers—to explore the opportunities, challenges, and ethical questions surrounding the development, regulation, and reimbursement of these devices for the treatment of nervous system disorders as well as for non-therapeutic uses, including cognitive and functional enhancement.
  • Improving Quality of Care in Low- and Middle-Income ... Released: July 23, 2015
    On January 28–29, 2015, the Institute of Medicine convened a two-day workshop which focused on the six methods that currently make up the majority of USAID’s investment in quality improvement: accreditation, COPE®, improvement collaborative, standards-based management and recognitions (SBM-R), supervision, and clinical in-service training. The workshop considered how the different methods work to improve quality, when and where certain approaches might be most effective, and the best ways to measure success and shortcomings. Participants reflected on the state of the evidence and opportunities for advancing the global quality improvement agenda through policy, practice, and research.
  • Enabling Discovery, Development, and Translation of ... Released: July 22, 2015
    On February 24, 2015, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous Disorders convened key stakeholders at a workshop in Washington, DC, to explore how best to enable the discovery, development, and translation of treatments for cognitive dysfunction in depression, including a focus on the regulatory path forward.
  • International Infectious Disease Emergencies and Domestic ... Released: July 07, 2015
    The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events organized a session at the 2015 Preparedness Summit to discuss international public health emergencies, such as Ebola, and their corresponding impact on state and local public health and health care systems.
  • Financial Incentives to Encourage Development of Therapies ... Released: July 06, 2015
    The Institute of Medicine (IOM) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, in collaboration with the IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation, convened a workshop on January 20–21, 2015, to explore policy changes that might increase private sector investment in research and development (R&D) innovation that fills unmet medical needs for CNS disorders.
  • Strategies to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival: A Time to Act ... Released: June 30, 2015
    The Institute of Medicine conducted a study on the current status of, and future opportunities to improve, cardiac arrest treatment and outcomes in the United States. This report examines the complete system of response to cardiac arrest in the United States and identifies opportunities within existing and new treatments, strategies, and research that promise to improve survival and recovery of patients.
  • Transforming Health Care Scheduling and Access: Getting to ... Released: June 29, 2015
    The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Crossing the Quality Chasm identified six fundamental aims for health care—that it be safe, effective, patient-centered, efficient, equitable, and timely. Of these fundamental aims, timeliness is in some ways the least well studied and understood. How can timely care be ensured in various health care settings, and what are some of the reasons that care is sometimes not timely? The report presented here was developed by the IOM Committee on Optimizing Scheduling in Health Care to answer such questions.
  • Collaboration between Health Care and Public Health ... Released: June 24, 2015
    On February 5, 2015, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Roundtable on Population Health Improvement hosted a workshop to explore the relationship between public health and health care, including opportunities, challenges, and practical lessons.