Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Cancer Care for the Whole Patient: Meeting Psychosocial ...
Released: October 15, 2007
Cancer care today often provides state-of-the-science biomedical treatment, but fails to address the psychological and social (psychosocial) problems associated with the illness. Today, it is not possible to deliver good-quality cancer care without addressing patients’ psychosocial health needs. All patients with cancer and their families should expect and receive cancer care that ensures the provision of appropriate psychosocial health services. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to study the delivery of psychosocial services to cancer patients and their families and identify ways to improve it.
Preparing for an Influenza Pandemic: Personal Protective ...
Released: September 18, 2007
During an influenza pandemic, healthcare workers will be on the front lines delivering care to patients and preventing further spread of the disease. One vital aspect of pandemic influenza planning is the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) that will be used by healthcare workers and others in their day-to-day patient care responsibilities. In 2006, the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL) at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to conduct a study on the personal protective equipment needed by healthcare workers in the event of an influenza pandemic.
Cancer-Related Genetic Testing and Counseling. Workshop ...
Released: August 20, 2007
The Institute of Medicine’s National Cancer Policy Forum held a workshop and released the proceedings entitled Cancer-Related Genetic Testing and Counseling. The workshop focused on the fact that genetic testing and counseling are becoming more complex and important for informing patients and families of the risks and benefits of certain courses of action, but at the same time organized expert programs are in short supply. The workshop covered the scientific and clinical aspects of genetic testing and counseling as well as workforce and reimbursement issues, among others.
Training Physicians for Public Health Careers : Health and ...
Released: June 06, 2007
Public health efforts have resulted in tremendous improvements in the health of individuals and communities through preventive health services, vaccines, improved sanitation and hygiene, safer workplaces, and enhanced food and drug safety. However, despite the achievements of public health, there is a growing shortage of public health workers, including a critical shortage of public health physicians, and many public health workers are inadequately prepared to face today’s public health challenges.
Future of Emergency Care: Dissemination Workshop ...
Released: May 17, 2007
The IOM Committee on the Future of Emergency Care was formed in September 2003 to examine the full scope of emergency care; explore its strengths, limitations, and challenges; create a vision for the future of the system; and make recommendations to help the nation achieve that vision. Future of Emergency Care: Dissemination Workshop Summaries is the result of three regional IOM workshops conducted across the country, and a fourth capstone workshop conducted in Washington, DC.
The Learning Healthcare System : Health and Medicine ...
Released: March 30, 2007
The Roundtable serves as a neutral venue for cooperative work among key stakeholders on several dimensions: to help transform the availability and use of the best evidence for the collaborative health care choices of each patient and provider; to drive the process of discovery as a natural outgrowth of patient care; and, ultimately, to ensure innovation, quality, safety, and value in health care.
Measuring Respirator Use in the Workplace : Health and ...
Released: January 24, 2007
As part of a multifaceted look at the inherited and evolving portfolio of the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory, the laboratory asked the National Academies to undertake a special look at the informational underpinnings of the respirator use program in mid-2005 and to report back expeditiously with recommendations.
Hospital-Based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point ...
Released: June 13, 2006
The Institute of Medicine's Committee on the Future of Emergency Care in the United States Health System was convened in 2003 to examine the state of emergency care in the U.S., to create a vision for the future of emergency care, including trauma care, and to make recommendations to help the nation achieve that vision. Hospital-Based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point explores the changing role of the hospital emergency department and describes the national epidemic of overcrowded emergency departments and trauma centers.
Emergency Care for Children: Growing Pains : Health and ...
Released: June 13, 2006
Despite the lifesaving feats performed every day by emergency departments and ambulance services, the nation's emergency medical system as a whole is overburdened, underfunded, and highly fragmented, says this series of three reports from the Institute of Medicine. Emergency Care for Children: Growing Pains describes the unique challenges of emergency care for children.
Emergency Medical Services At the Crossroads : Health and ...
Released: June 13, 2006
Despite the lifesaving feats performed every day by emergency departments and ambulance services, the nation's emergency medical system as a whole is overburdened, underfunded, and highly fragmented, says this series of three reports from the Institute of Medicine. Emergency Medical Services at the Crossroads describes the development of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems over the last forty years and the fragmented system that exists today.