Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Nutrition Standards and Meal Requirements for National ...
Released: December 03, 2008
The national nutrition standards and meal requirements for the National School Breakfast and National School Lunch Program meals were created more than a decade ago, making them out of step with recent guidance about children’s diets. At the request of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Institute of Medicine assembled a committee to recommend updates and revisions to the school lunch and breakfast programs. The first part of the committee’s work is reflected in the December 2008 IOM report Nutrition Standards and Meal Requirements for National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs: Phase I. Proposed Approach for Recommending Revisions.
Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel : Health and ...
Released: June 09, 2008
The use of dietary supplements has become increasingly popular among members of the military. While some supplements may provide benefits to health, others could carry adverse effects that might compromise the readiness and performance of service members. The U.S. Department of Defense, the Samueli Institute, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), with additional support from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) review the use of dietary supplements by military personnel, recommending a framework to identify the need for management of dietary supplement use within the military, and developing an approach to report adverse health events.
Foodborne Disease and Public Health: An Iranian-American ...
Released: March 25, 2008
The Institute of Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board and the National Research Council’s Policy and Global Affairs Division convened a workshop in Washington, D.C., entitled Foodborne Disease and Public Health An Iranian-U.S. Workshop.
The Development of DRIs 1994-2004: Lessons Learned and ...
Released: November 30, 2007
The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), developed between 1994 and 2004, represented a new approach to nutrient reference standards. In order to engage expert research scientists, nutrition practitioners, representatives from U.S. and Canadian government, academia, and industry in discussion on the issues about the development and application of the DRIs, the IOM's Food and Nutrition Board convened a three-day workshop from September 18-20, 2007. The Development of DRIs 1994–2004: Lessons Learned and New Challenges, A Preliminary Workshop Summary reflects the presentations and discussions that took place during the three-day workshop.
Nutrigenomics and Beyond: Informing the Future Workshop ...
Released: May 22, 2007
Nutrition science is uniquely poised to serve as the crossroads for many disciplines and, using genomics tools, can bridge this knowledge to bet¬ter understand and address diet-related chronic diseases and molecular responses to dietary factors. To address these issues, the Institute of Medicine held a two-day workshop, and released Nutrigenomics and Beyond: Informing the Future Workshop Summary, which explores the state of the science, examines its potential, and discusses how that potential might best be realized.
Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way ...
Released: April 23, 2007
In response to growing concerns over obesity, national attention has focused on the need to establish school nutrition standards and limit access to competitive foods. Congress directed the CDC to undertake a study with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to review and make recommendations about appropriate nutritional stands for the availability, sale, content and consumption of foods at school, with attention to competitive foods.
Influence of Pregnancy Weight on Maternal and Child Health ...
Released: March 14, 2007
Given the unprecedented environment in the United States in which two-thirds of the adult population meets the criteria for being overweight or obese, the implications for women in the reproductive age period are unique in the history of the country. In May 2006, at the request of the Health Resources and Services Administration’s Maternal and Child Health Bureau in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop to examine emerging research findings related to the complex relationship of the biological, behavioral, psychological, and social interactions that affect maternal and pregnancy weight on maternal and child health outcomes.
Adequacy of Evidence for Physical Activity Guideline ...
Released: January 17, 2007
To address whether or not there is sufficient evidence to develop a comprehensive set of physical activity guidelines for Americans, the Department of Health and Human Services sponsored an Institute of Medicine (IOM) on the Adequacy of Evidence for Physical Activity Guidelines Development in Washington, DC on October 23–24, 2006.