About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Influence of Pregnancy Weight on Maternal and Child Health ... Released: March 14, 2007
    Given the unprecedented environment in the United States in which two-thirds of the adult population meets the criteria for being overweight or obese, the implications for women in the reproductive age period are unique in the history of the country. In May 2006, at the request of the Health Resources and Services Administration’s Maternal and Child Health Bureau in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop to examine emerging research findings related to the complex relationship of the biological, behavioral, psychological, and social interactions that affect maternal and pregnancy weight on maternal and child health outcomes.
  • Adequacy of Evidence for Physical Activity Guideline ... Released: January 17, 2007
    To address whether or not there is sufficient evidence to develop a comprehensive set of physical activity guidelines for Americans, the Department of Health and Human Services sponsored an Institute of Medicine (IOM) on the Adequacy of Evidence for Physical Activity Guidelines Development in Washington, DC on October 23–24, 2006.
  • Joint US-Mexico Workshop on Preventing Obesity in Children ... Released: January 16, 2007
    The Joint U.S.-Mexico Workshop on Preventing Obesity in Children and Youth of Mexican Origin was initiated by a desire to share experiences regarding the problem of obesity in children and youth of Mexican origin on both sides of the border, with a particular focus on potential solutions. U.S and Mexican researchers, public health officials, industry leaders, and policy-makers engaged in valuable dialogue to share perspectives, challenges, and opportunities.
  • Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis: Workshop ... Released: November 02, 2006
    The IOM's Food and Nutrion Board released Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis: Workshop Summary on Thursday, November 1, 2006.
  • Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks : Health and ... Released: October 13, 2006
    Seafood is a widely available, nutrient-rich food that provides high quality protein, low in saturated fat and rich in polyunsaturated fats, and particularly the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DHA). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) asked the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies to review evidence on the benefits and risks associated with seafood consumption to help consumers make informed choices and to make recommendations on ways to guide U.S. consumers in making appropriate selections. Additional support has been provided by the Food and Drug Administration.
  • Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health: Policies, Practices ... Released: September 15, 2006
    Foodborne agents have been estimated to cause approximately 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,200 deaths in the United States each year. In order to examine issues critical to the protection of the nation’s food supply, the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on October 25 and 26, 2005, in Washington, D.C. to explore existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of foodborne threats to health.
  • Dietary Reference Intakes Essential Guide Nutrient ... Released: September 15, 2006
    Responding to the expansion of scientific knowledge about the roles of nutrients in human health, the Institute of Medicine, in partnership with Health Canada, has updated what used to be known as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and renamed their new approach to these guidelines Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs).
  • Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We ... Released: September 13, 2006
    The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity report, Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up?, examines the progress made by obesity prevention initiatives in the United States over the past two years. The report builds on the IOM's 2005 report, Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance, which was a congressionally mandated study that provided a blueprint to guide concerted actions for many stakeholders--including government, industry, media, communities, schools, and families--to collectively respond to the growing obesity epidemic in children and youth.
  • Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Industry ... Released: April 06, 2006
    This brief summary highlights the recurring themes that emerged from the symposium for accelerating change and moving forward with obesity prevention efforts.