About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Parenting Matters: Supporting Parents of Children Ages 0-8 ... Released: July 20, 2016
    Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents’ use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.
  • Investing in Young Children for Peaceful Societies: Individual ... Released: June 23, 2016
    With the worst human refugee crisis since World War II as the backdrop, from March 16 to March 18, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with UNICEF and the King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Center for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue (KAICIID), held a workshop in Amman, Jordan, to explore topics related to investing in young children for peaceful societ­ies toward individual and structural transformation.
  • Reaching and Investing in Children at the Margins: Workshop ... Released: June 20, 2016
    To examine the science, economics, and politics of investing in the health, education, nutrition, and social protection of children at the margins, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally (iYCG Forum) held a workshop in Prague, Czech Republic, on November 3–4, 2015, titled, “Reaching and Investing in Children at the Margins.”
  • Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy, and Practice ... Released: May 10, 2016
    Composition of peer groups, shifting demographics, changing societal norms, and modern technology are contextual factors that must be considered to understand and effectively react to bullying in the United States. Youth are embedded in multiple contexts and each of these contexts interacts with individual characteristics of youth in ways that either exacerbate or attenuate the association between these individual characteristics and bullying perpetration or victimization. Recognizing that bullying behavior is a major public health problem that demands the concerted and coordinated time and attention of parents, educators and school administrators, health care providers, policy makers, families, and others concerned with the care of children, this report evaluates the state of the science on biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization and the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences.
  • Establishing an African Association for Health Professions ... Released: April 19, 2016
    Africa faces a severe shortage of human resources for health. Over the past 5 years, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, in partnership with the National Institutes of Health, has sought to address this problem by supporting health professional education and research in Africa through the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) and the Nursing Education Partnership Initiative (NEPI).
  • Reaching and Investing in Children at the Margins: Workshop ... Released: March 16, 2016
    On November 3–4, 2015, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally of the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,1 in partnership with the Open Society Foundations and the International Step by Step Association (ISSA), held a workshop in Prague, Czech Republic, to examine the science and economics of investing in the health, education, nutrition, and social protection of children at the margins of society.
  • Supporting Family and Community Investments in Young ... Released: March 14, 2016
    To examine the science, policy, and practice surrounding supporting family and community investments in young children globally and children in acute disruptions, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally held a workshop in partnership with the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from July 27–29, 2015.
  • Metrics That Matter for Population Health Action: Workshop ... Released: March 08, 2016
    David Kindig, Professor Emeritus and Emeritus Vice-Chancellor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, said not only is there an overabundance of measures and indicators available for measuring various aspects of population health, but there have been multiple efforts to examine the nature, validity, uses, and usefulness of existing measures with the goal of simplifying existing sets to meet the needs of all decision makers, from policymakers to communities, without much success in meeting that goal.
  • A Framework for Educating Health Professionals to Address ... Released: March 07, 2016
    The World Health Organization defines the social determinants of health as “the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life.”
  • Assessing Progress on the IOM Report The Future of Nursing ... Released: December 04, 2015
    In 2010, The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released the report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, which made a series of recommendations pertaining to the roles for nurses in the new health care landscape. Shortly after release of The Future of Nursing report, AARP and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation launched the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action to shepherd The Future of Nursing report’s recommendations. In 2014, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation asked the IOM to convene a committee to assess progress made on implementing The Future of Nursing report recommendations and identify areas that should be emphasized over the next 5 years.