About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Promoting the Educational Success of Children and Youth ... Released: February 28, 2017
    Effectively educating children who are learning English as their second language is a national challenge with consequences both for individuals and for American society. Despite their potential, many young English learners are struggling to meet the requirements for academic success, a difficulty that jeopardizes their prospects for success in post-secondary education and in the workforce. A committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine examined how evidence relevant to the development of English learners can inform policies and practices that can result in better educational outcomes for these young people.
  • Innovations in Investing in Young Children Globally ... Released: February 08, 2017
    With innovations ranging from prioritizing the needs of children in national agendas to unique partnerships that enable services to reach children in remote contexts as a backdrop, on October 20-21, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with the Jacobs Foundation, the Institute for Human Development at the Aga Khan University, and the Bernard van Leer Foundation, convened its ninth and final workshop in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire, to explore topics related to innovations in investing in young children globally.
  • Optimizing the Process for Establishing the Dietary Guidelines ... Released: February 03, 2017
    The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) is a report that provides nutritional and dietary information with the intention of promoting health and preventing disease, and serves as the basis for all federal nutrition policies and nutrition assistance programs, as well as nutrition education programs. This guidance is updated and presented every 5 years by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The complicated process of updating the report begins with an assessment of relevant scientific data by a federal advisory committee of nationally recognized experts, called the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. When the 2015-2020 edition of the DGA was released, some of the content received criticism from different stakeholders leading to questions about the advisory committee’s composition and membership selection processes.
  • Community Violence as a Population Health Issue ... Released: January 17, 2017
    On June 16, 2016, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop in Brooklyn, New York, to explore the influence of trauma and violence on communities. The workshop was designed to bring attention to the impact of racism and violence on communities; some social and physical interventions that can change landscapes of violence; some local strategies to build community resilience and safety; some lessons learned from select approaches and initiatives designed to reduce community violence, and public health-informed approaches to community policing and collaboration. This Proceedings of a Workshop synthesizes the presentations and discussions that occurred during the workshop, Community Violence as a Population Health Issue.
  • Community Violence as a Population Health Issue ... Released: October 24, 2016
    On June 16, 2016, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a 1-day public workshop at the Lutheran Church of the Good Shepherd in Brooklyn, New York. At this workshop, participants explored public health approaches to reducing and preventing community violence. Individual participants discussed the effects of trauma and violence on communities and explored approaches that community members and multisector partners are using to build safe, resilient, and healthy communities.
  • Moving from Evidence to Implementation of Early Childhood ... Released: October 21, 2016
    On June 23, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally (iYCG) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in partnership with the Fraser Mustard Institute for Human Development, Grand Challenges Canada, and the SickKids Centre for Global Child Health, held a workshop in Toronto, Canada, titled “Moving from Evidence to Implementation of Early Childhood Development: Strategies for Implementation.”
  • Investing in Young Children Globally for Peaceful Societies ... Released: October 19, 2016
    With the worst human refugee crisis since World War II as the backdrop, from March 16 through March 18, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with UNICEF and the King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Center for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue, held a workshop in Amman, Jordan, to explore topics related to investing in young children for peaceful societies.
  • Exploring the Role of Accreditation in Enhancing Quality and ... Released: October 05, 2016
    The purpose of accreditation is to build a competent health workforce by ensuring the quality of training taking place within those institutions that have met certain criteria. Given the rapid changes in society, health, and health care, members of the Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education elected to take on the topic of accreditation and to explore the effect of societal shifts on new and evolving health professional learning opportunities to best ensure quality education is offered by institutions regardless of the program or delivery platform.
  • Advancing the Science to Improve Population Health ... Released: August 11, 2016
    On September 30, 2015, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement hosted a workshop to explore the basic and translational research needs for population health science, and to discuss specific research priorities and actions to foster population health improvement.
  • Framing the Dialogue on Race and Ethnicity to Advance ... Released: July 28, 2016
    The Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop titled Framing the Dialogue on Race and Ethnicity to Advance Health Equity in which speakers shared strategies for individuals, organizations, and communities to advance racial and health equity.