Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Understanding the Connections Between Coastal Waters and ...
Released: February 20, 2014
Humans rely on the natural environment – such as oceans and coastal waters – for essential human services like providing food and essential dietary nutrients and purifying drinking water. These benefits are referred to as ecosystem services. Humans also rely on the environment for the natural cycles that renew the oxygen in the air, reduce carbon dioxide in the air, and recycle nitrogen. Disruption to these processes can create negative human health effects. The IOM held a workshop to discuss coastal waters and ocean ecosystem services in the United States and to understand the impacts on human health.
Including Health in Global Frameworks for Development ...
Released: January 17, 2014
In the spring of 2013, the IOM held three webinars which examined frameworks for global development goals and connections to health indicators, the role for health in the context of novel sustainable economic frameworks, and scenarios to project climate change impacts and health outcomes. The webinars were based on themes identified by the IOM Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine’s Global Environmental Health and Sustainable Development Innovation Collaborative.
Leveraging Culture to Address Health Inequalities: Examples ...
Released: December 19, 2013
In Native American tradition, the medicine wheel encompasses four different components of health: physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual. Health and well-being require balance within and among all four components. The IOM Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Elimination of Health Disparities held a workshop in Seattle, WA, to explore the ideas at the heart of the medicine wheel. The workshop brought together stakeholders to discuss the sizable health inequalities affecting Native American, Alaska Native, First Nation, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islander populations and the potential role of culture to help reduce those inequalities.
The Nexus of Biofuels, Climate Change, and Human Health ...
Released: November 26, 2013
Liquid fuels are a major part of modern life, supplying energy for all modes of transportation as well as power for industrial and farming machinery. But fossil fuels – the dominant liquid fuel for well over a century – have many disadvantages. New policies encourage the development of renewable sources of energy in general and biofuels in particular, but it is important to understand how these policies may impact human health. The IOM held a workshop on the intersection of biofuels, climate change, and human health in January 2013. The workshop focused on air, water, land use, food security, and social impacts of biofuels as an energy resource.
Organizational Change to Improve Health Literacy - Workshop ...
Released: October 15, 2013
Health literacy is the product of the interaction between individuals’ capacities and the health literacy-related demands and complexities of the health care system. Systematic changes are needed to better align health care demands with the public’s skills and abilities. In early 2012, members of the IOM Roundtable on Health Literacy published a discussion paper that focused on the attributes of a health literate health care organization or system. To examine what is known about implementation of the attributes of a health literate health care organization, the Roundtable on Health Literacy held a workshop on April 11, 2013.
Population Health Implications of the Affordable Care Act ...
Released: October 07, 2013
Several provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) offer an unprecedented opportunity to shift the focus of health experts, policy makers, and the public beyond health care delivery to the broader array of factors that play a role in shaping health outcomes. The shift includes a growing recognition that the health care delivery system is responsible for only a modest proportion of what makes and keeps Americans healthy. The IOM Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop to explore the likely impact on population health improvement of various provisions within the ACA.
Ranking Vaccines: A Prioritization Software Tool - Phase II ...
Released: September 30, 2013
In 2012, the IOM released Ranking Vaccines: A Prioritization Framework (Phase I: Demonstration of Concept and a Software Blueprint) which offered a framework and proof of concept for a software prototype called SMART Vaccines to account for various factors influencing vaccine prioritization — demographic, economic, health, scientific, business, programmatic, social, policy factors and public concerns. In this report, Ranking Vaccines: A Prioritization Software Tool (Phase II: Prototype of a Decision-Support System) a functional version of SMART Vaccines 1.0 is discussed and elaborated along with its potential application in making decisions about new vaccine development.
Global Development Goals and Linkages to Health and ...
Released: September 30, 2013
The IOM Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine’s Global Environmental Health and Sustainable Development Innovation Collaborative seeks to connect and leverage expertise across a variety of fields related to sustainable development, including economics, energy, environmental medicine, public health, and health communication. Following the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development, the roundtable held a series of webinars to help inform the UN post-2015 development agenda process. The webinars covered lessons learned from the Millennium Development Goals process and offered insights on topics and goals that may be considered for global development frameworks being debated and negotiated.
Health Impact Assessment of Shale Gas Extraction ...
Released: August 30, 2013
The governmental public health system lacks critical information about environmental health impacts of shale gas extraction technologies and is limited in its ability to address concerns raised by federal, state, and local regulators, as well as employees in the shale gas extraction industry and the general public. Members of the IOM Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine recognized the need to discuss the human health impact of shale gas extraction through the lens of health impact assessment. The Roundtable held a workshop in 2012 to examine the state of the science regarding shale gas extraction, the direct and indirect environmental health effects of shale gas extraction, and the use of health impact assessment as a tool to help identify the public health impact of shale gas extraction.
Public Health Linkages with Sustainability - Workshop ...
Released: July 19, 2013
It has been 20 years since the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro when world leaders gathered to reaffirm the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment that was adopted in 1972. From this meeting, the member states adopted Agenda 21, an unprecedented framework for the transition to a more sustainable world. As leaders prepared to gather again in 2012 in Rio de Janeiro, to assess and reaffirm the importance of the world’s progress toward these efforts, the IOM Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine organized a workshop to inform the policies that would be considered at the conference and discuss the linkages between sustainability and health.