About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • The Air Force Health Study Assets Research Program : Health ... Released: April 17, 2015
    Longitudinal prospective studies that follow a population for an extended period (a decade or more) are the gold standard of observational epidemiologic studies, but they are uncommon due to great expense and time needed to conduct them. Even rarer are well-designed cohort studies that include the collection and storage of biospecimens for use in current and future analyses, such as the Air Force Health Study (AFHS). The AFHS is prospective epidemiologic study followed a cohort of 2,700 men for approximately 20 years.
  • Spread, Scale, and Sustainability in Population Health ... Released: April 14, 2015
    Spread, Scale, and Sustainability in Population Health is the summary of a workshop held by the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM's) Roundtable on Population Health Improvement in December 2014. The workshop featured dialogue with practitioners in health and nonhealth sectors who work on evidence-based initiatives in state, national, and global contexts.
  • Assessing the Use of Agent-Based Models for Tobacco ... Released: March 25, 2015
    Since 2009, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has had broad regulatory authority over tobacco products and has used models as one tool to guide policy. Recently, FDA has been exploring the usefulness of a particular modeling approach—agent-based models (ABMs)—to inform its policy decisions.
  • Spread, Scale, and Sustainability in Population Health ... Released: March 24, 2015
    On December 4, 2014, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held its 10th workshop in New York City. The workshop, titled “Achieving Meaningful Population Health Outcomes: A Workshop on Spread and Scale,” focused on the spread, scale, and sustainability of strategies to improve population health in a variety of contexts and sectors.
  • Communicating to Advance the Public's Health: Workshop ... Released: March 17, 2015
    On September 22, 2014, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop to discuss some of the science of health communication, audiences, and messaging, and to explore what it will take to generate widespread awareness, acceptance, and action to improve health, including through the entertainment media, the news media, and social media.
  • Informed Consent and Health Literacy: Workshop Summary ... Released: March 16, 2015
    To explore what actions can be taken to help close the gap between what is required in the informed consent process and communicating it in a health-literate and meaningful manner to individuals, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Roundtable on Health Literacy convened this one-day public workshop featuring presentations and discussions that examine the implications of health literacy for informed consent for both research involving human subjects and treatment of patients. The Roundtable on Health Literacy brings together leaders from academia, industry, government, foundations and associations, and representatives of patient and consumer interests who work to improve health literacy. To achieve its mission, the roundtable discusses challenges facing health-literacy practice and research, and identifies approaches to promote health literacy through mechanisms and partnerships in both the public and private sectors.
  • Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of ... Released: March 12, 2015
    In 2013, as requested by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the IOM convened a committee to conduct a study on the public health implications of raising the minimum age to purchase tobacco products. In the report, Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products, the committee of experts reviews existing literature on tobacco use initiation, developmental biology and psy¬chology, and tobacco policy and predicts the likely public health outcomes of raising the MLA for tobacco products to 19 years, 21 years, and 25 years. The committee also uses mathematical modeling to quantify these predictions.
  • Ranking Vaccines Applications of a Prioritization Software ... Released: December 19, 2014
    In the Phase III work, the IOM in partnership with the National Academy of Engineering enhanced SMART Vaccines—version 1.1 of the software can be downloaded for free from www.nap.edu/smartvaccines. The supporting report, Ranking Vaccines: Applications of a Prioritization Software Tool, describes: (1) the evaluation of the software in international user-based applications, (2) a general data framework for the software, and (3) the next steps that would increase the use and value of SMART Vaccines.
  • Business Engagement in Building Healthy Communities ... Released: December 18, 2014
    The workshop was designed to explore how businesses can be effective key leaders and partners in improving the health of communities and why this is good for business and for the economic vibrancy of communities.
  • Facilitating Patient Understanding of Discharge Instructions ... Released: December 08, 2014
    The Roundtable on Health Literacy brings together leaders from academia, industry, government, foundations, and associations and representatives of patient and consumer interests who work to improve health literacy. To achieve its mission, the roundtable discusses challenges facing health literacy practice and research and identifies approaches to promote health literacy through mechanisms and partnerships in both the public and private sectors.