About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Achieving Health Equity via the Affordable Care Act: Promises ... Released: December 31, 2015
    On April 22, 2013, the roundtable held a workshop at the Mark Twain House and Museum in Hartford, Connecticut, titled Achieving Health Equity via the Affordable Care Act: Promises, Provisions, and Making Reform a Reality for Diverse Patients. Sponsored and hosted by the Connecticut Health Foundation, the workshop addressed many issues surrounding the ACA, including expansion of coverage, delivery systems, and access points; service delivery and payment reform, including the patient-centered medical home model; public–private partnerships; and challenges to the safety net.
  • Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization: Workshop ... Released: December 30, 2015
    On November 10, 2014, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a workshop titled Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization. This workshop represents the Roundtable members’ long-standing interest in and growing appreciation of the ways in which the urban environment, conceived broadly from factors such as air quality and walkability to factors such as access to fresh foods and social support systems, can affect health.
  • Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization: Workshop in ... Released: December 30, 2015
    On November 10, 2014, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a 1-day workshop titled Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization. The purpose of the workshop was to explore public health issues related to the redesign of major U.S. cities, focusing on recent examples from Detroit, Michigan; New York City; and Washington, DC.
  • Applying a Health Lens to Business Practices, Policies, and ... Released: December 01, 2015
    Applying a Health Lens to Business Practices, Policies, and Investments is a summary of a workshop convened by the Institute of Medicine’s Roundtable on Population Health Improvement on June 4, 2015. The workshop followed previous workshops held in 2013 and 2014, respectively, on Applying a Health Lens to Decision Making in Non-Health Sectors and Business Engagement in Building Healthy Communities.
  • Health Literacy and Consumer-Facing Technology: Workshop ... Released: October 28, 2015
    The proliferation of consumer-facing technology and personal health information technology has grown steadily over the past decade, and has certainly exploded over the past several years. The goal of this workshop was to explore health literate practices in health information technology and then provide and consider the ramifications of this rapidly growing field on the health literacy of users.
  • How Modeling Can Inform Strategies to Improve Population ... Released: September 30, 2015
    The health sector has a growing need to use modeling to inform policy decisions and for selecting and refining potential strategies (e.g., ranging from interventions to investments) to improve the health of communities and the nation. Modeling has been used across many disciplines to assist in the development of public policy decisions for decades. A growing interest in systems science approaches to population health has led public health researchers, regulators and others to turn to modeling more than ever, and many types of models have been used to forecast health effects associated with current and future risk behaviors. For example, tobacco control and infectious disease are two areas where modeling has been used to inform health policy decisions.
  • Health Literacy: Past, Present, and Future: Workshop ... Released: August 11, 2015
    Health Literacy: Past, Present, and Future commemorates the 2004 release and features invited presentations and discussions of the progress made in the field of health literacy since that time, explores the current state of the field, and discusses possible directions for future health literacy efforts.
  • Collaboration between Health Care and Public Health ... Released: June 24, 2015
    On February 5, 2015, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Roundtable on Population Health Improvement hosted a workshop to explore the relationship between public health and health care, including opportunities, challenges, and practical lessons.
  • Collaboration Between Health Care and Public Health ... Released: April 29, 2015
    This brief summary of the workshop highlights presentations and discussion sessions that followed, and it should not be viewed as conclusions or recommendations from the workshop. Statements made and opinions expressed are those of individual presenters and participants, and are not necessarily endorsed or verified by the IOM or the roundtable, and they should not be construed as reflecting any group consensus. A more detailed summary of the workshop proceedings will be available in 2015.
  • The Air Force Health Study Assets Research Program : Health ... Released: April 17, 2015
    Longitudinal prospective studies that follow a population for an extended period (a decade or more) are the gold standard of observational epidemiologic studies, but they are uncommon due to great expense and time needed to conduct them. Even rarer are well-designed cohort studies that include the collection and storage of biospecimens for use in current and future analyses, such as the Air Force Health Study (AFHS). The AFHS is prospective epidemiologic study followed a cohort of 2,700 men for approximately 20 years.