About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Advancing Health Equity for Native American Youth ... Released: July 08, 2016
    More than 2 million Americans below age 24 self-identify as being of American Indian or Alaska Native descent. Many of the serious behavioral, emotional, and physical health concerns facing young people today are especially prevalent with Native youth (e.g., depression, violence, and substance abuse). Arrayed against these health problems are vital cultural strengths on which Native Americans can draw.
  • Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter ... Released: July 06, 2016
    The health effects of outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM) are the subject of both research attention and regulatory action. Although much less studied to date, indoor exposure to PM—which can result from particles infiltrating from the outdoors and from various indoor sources including candles, cooking, and smoking—is gaining attention as a potential source of adverse health effects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to hold a workshop examining what is known about indoor exposure to PM, examining sources of particles, their interaction with other elements of the indoor environment, exposure levels indoors, potential health concerns, ways to limit exposure, vulnerable populations, and means of communicating exposure risks and strategies to reduce exposures.
  • Relevance of Health Literacy to Precision Medicine ... Released: June 08, 2016
    On March 2, 2016, the Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to examine the relevance of health literacy to precision medicine, a growing field that takes into account individuals’ differences in genes, environments, and lifestyles. The workshop explored the intersection of health literacy and precision medicine through a number of topics, but its impetus was the Precision Medicine Initiative.
  • Health Literacy and Palliative Care: Workshop Summary ... Released: May 20, 2016
    To explore the relationship between palliative care and health literacy, and the importance of health literate communication in providing high-quality delivery of palliative care, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Health Literacy convened this 1-day public workshop featuring presentations and discussions that exam­ined the effect of low health literacy on all aspects of palliative care.
  • Principles and Obstacles for Sharing Data from Environmental ... Released: May 05, 2016
    On March 19, 2014, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine in conjunction with the Committee on Science, Technology, and the Law, both of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, held a workshop on the topic of the sharing of data from environmental health research.
  • The Promises and Perils of Digital Strategies in Achieving ... Released: April 15, 2016
    The Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Elimination of Health Disparities held a workshop in October 2014 focusing on the use of digital health technologies to improve health outcomes for racial and ethnic minority populations, how community engagement can improve access to high-quality health information for members of these groups, and on models of successful technology-based strategies to reduce health disparities. This is a summary of the discussions from the workshop.
  • Eliminating the Public Health Problem of Hepatitis B and C in ... Released: April 11, 2016
    Viral hepatitis is the seventh leading cause of death in the world, killing more people than road traffic injuries, HIV and AIDS, or diabetes. Every year chronic viral hepatitis, of which hepatitis B and C are the most common forms, kills a million people, roughly 20,000 of them in the United States. These deaths could be prevented. Hepatitis B vaccine conveys 95 percent immunity, and new therapies for hepatitis C cure the vast majority of patients.
  • Systems Practices for the Care of Socially At-Risk Populations ... Released: April 07, 2016
    The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, acting through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene an ad hoc committee to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and methods to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs.
  • Metrics That Matter for Population Health Action: Workshop ... Released: March 08, 2016
    David Kindig, Professor Emeritus and Emeritus Vice-Chancellor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, said not only is there an overabundance of measures and indicators available for measuring various aspects of population health, but there have been multiple efforts to examine the nature, validity, uses, and usefulness of existing measures with the goal of simplifying existing sets to meet the needs of all decision makers, from policymakers to communities, without much success in meeting that goal.
  • Accounting for Social Risk Factors in Medicare Payment ... Released: January 12, 2016
    The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, acting through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, has asked the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene an ad hoc committee to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and methods to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs. The committee’s work will be conducted in phases and will produce five brief consensus reports.