About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The ... Released: January 12, 2017
    In one of the most comprehensive studies of recent research on the health effects of recreational and therapeutic cannabis use, a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine offers a rigorous review of relevant scientific research published since 1999. This report summarizes the current state of evidence regarding what is known about the health impacts of cannabis and cannabis-derived products, including effects related to therapeutic uses of cannabis and potential health risks related to certain cancers, diseases, mental health disorders, and injuries. Areas in need of additional research and current barriers to conducting cannabis research are also covered in this comprehensive report.
  • Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity : Health ... Released: January 11, 2017
    Health equity is the state in which everyone has the opportunity to attain full health potential and no one is disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of social position or any other socially defined circumstance. Currently in the United States, the burdens of disease and poor health and the benefits of well-being and good health are inequitably distributed with negative consequences for the nation’s wellbeing, prosperity, and economic competitiveness. Although some aspects of a person’s health status depend on individual behaviors and choice, health is also shaped by community-wide factors, and research shows that problems like poverty, unemployment, low educational attainment, inadequate housing, lack of public transportation, exposure to violence, and neighborhood deterioration (social or physical) shape health and contribute to health inequities.
  • Accounting for Social Risk Factors in Medicare Payment ... Released: January 10, 2017
    The Department of Health and Human Services, acting through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene an ad hoc committee to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and methods to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs.
  • Exploring Strategies to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival ... Released: December 20, 2016
    Cardiac arrest often strikes seemingly healthy individuals without warning and without regard to age, gender, race, or health status. Following the release of the 2015 Institute of Medicine (IOM) consensus report, Strategies to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival: A Time to Act, eight sponsors asked the Health and Medicine Division to hold a workshop to assemble diverse stakeholders who would explore the barriers and opportunities for advancing the IOM recommendations.
  • Health Insurance and Insights from Health Literacy: Helping ... Released: December 01, 2016
    The Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop on health literacy in the context of health reform in the United States. The workshop was the most recent health reform–related activity of the roundtable, noted Bernard Rosof of the Quality in HealthCare Advisory Group, in his opening remarks.
  • Relevance of Health Literacy to Precision Medicine ... Released: November 10, 2016
    The Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) aims to develop new approaches for detecting, measuring, and analyzing a wide range of biomedical information including molecular, genomic, cellular, clinical, behavioral, physiological, and environmental parameters, is intended to enable a new era of medicine in which researchers, providers, and patients work together to develop individualized care. An important challenge to assembling the research cohort needed for this initiative is reaching individuals who are socioeconomically disadvantaged.
  • Community Violence as a Population Health Issue ... Released: October 24, 2016
    On June 16, 2016, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a 1-day public workshop at the Lutheran Church of the Good Shepherd in Brooklyn, New York. At this workshop, participants explored public health approaches to reducing and preventing community violence. Individual participants discussed the effects of trauma and violence on communities and explored approaches that community members and multisector partners are using to build safe, resilient, and healthy communities.
  • Accounting for Social Risk Factors in Medicare Payment: Data ... Released: October 11, 2016
    The Department of Health and Human Services, acting through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene an ad hoc committee to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and methods to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs. The committee's work will be conducted in phases and will produce five brief consensus reports.
  • Exploring Data and Metrics of Value at the Intersection of ... Released: September 26, 2016
    Two divisions of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the Health and Medicine Division (HMD) and the Transportation Research Board (TRB), held a joint workshop, Exploring Data and Metrics of Value at the Intersection of Health Care and Transportation on June 6–7, 2016, to examine partnerships, data, and measurement at the intersection of the health care and transportation sectors.
  • Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative: Vision for ... Released: September 15, 2016
    Despite the importance of eyesight, millions of people grapple with undiagnosed or untreated vision impairments—ranging from mild conditions to total blindness—and eye and vision health remain relatively absent from national health priority lists, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.