About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

  • Regional Disaster Response Coordination to Support Health ... Released: April 15, 2015
    As many communities within a region will have similar vulnerabilities when considering disasters, a logical step in planning is to establish responsibilities and capacities, and be able to work toward common goals to address all-hazards when the entire region is affected. To explore these considerations, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events organized a series of three regional workshops in 2014.
  • Cognitive Aging: Progress in Understanding and ... Released: April 14, 2015
    At this point in time, when the older population is rapidly growing in the United States and across the globe, it is important to carefully examine what is known about cognitive aging, to identify the positive steps that can be taken to promote cognitive health, and then to take action to implement those changes by informing and activating the public, the health sector, nonprofit and professional associations, communities, the private sector, and government agencies. This Institute of Medicine (IOM) study examines cognitive aging, a natural process associated with advancing years. The IOM committee was charged with assessing the public health dimensions of cognitive aging with an emphasis on definitions and terminology, epidemiology and surveillance, prevention and intervention, education of health professionals, and public awareness and education.
  • The Future of Home Health Care: Workshop Summary : Health ... Released: March 18, 2015
    The 2-day public workshop brought together a spectrum of public and private stakeholders and thought leaders to improve understanding of the role of home health care (especially Medicare home health care) in supporting aging in place and in helping high-risk, chronically ill, and disabled Americans receive health care and other needed supports and services in their homes; the evolving role of home health care, including how to integrate home health care into new models for the delivery of care and the future health care marketplace; the key policy reforms and investments in workforces, technologies, and research needed to leverage the role of home health care; and research priorities that can help clarify the value of home health care.
  • Improving Genetics Education in Graduate and Continuing ... Released: February 06, 2015
    Despite the growing use of genomic applications in clinical practice, health professional knowledge about genomic information and confidence in using it have not kept pace. The objective of the workshop was to examine the potential and the challenges of providing genetics education, to review promising and innovative approaches to providing education to both graduate health professional students and practicing health professionals, and to identify potential next steps for achieving effective genetics education.
  • Regional Disaster Response Coordination to Support Health ... Released: February 02, 2015
    When a disaster strikes, it rarely impacts just one jurisdiction. It is important for jurisdictions to consider how they will respond to a scenario in which the entire region is impacted. To explore these considerations, the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Catastrophic Events organized three regional workshops in 2014 to explore opportunities to strengthen the regional coordination required to ensure effective medical and public health response to a large-scale multijurisdictional disaster.
  • The Neuroscience of Gaming: Workshop in Brief : Health and ... Released: February 02, 2015
    More than 1.2 billion people worldwide play video games (online, via console, mobile phone, and other wireless devices), and many may be unaware that programmers often incorporate neuroscience into game design. Given the high prevalence of gaming in today’s society, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders hosted the Social Issues Roundtable at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting on November 16, 2014, in Washington, DC, to explore the neuroscience of video games, with emphasis on relevant scientific, ethical,and societal issues.
  • Sharing Clinical Trial Data: Maximizing Benefits, Minimizing ... Released: January 14, 2015
    In its report, Sharing Clinical Trial Data: Maxi­mizing Benefits, Minimizing Risk, the committee concludes that sharing data is in the public interest, but a multi-stakeholder effort is needed to develop a culture, infrastructure, and policies that will foster responsible sharing—now and in the future.
  • Future Directions of Credentialing Research in Nursing ... Released: January 07, 2015
    With support from 20 different sponsors, the IOM convened a workshop to examine short- and long-term strategies to advance research on nurse certification and organizational credentialing on September 3 and 4, 2014, in Washington, DC. During the workshop, participants explored topics such as new conceptual frameworks, research gaps and priorities, advancements in research methodologies and data interoperability, and strategies to encourage and communicate research about nurse credentialing across diverse stakeholders.
  • The Use and Effectiveness of Powered Air Purifying ... Released: January 06, 2015
    Since 2005, the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL) at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has sponsored the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Standing Committee on Personal Protective Equipment for Workplace Safety and Health. In mid-2014, NPPTL asked the IOM to convene a workshop, “The Use and Effectiveness of Powered Air Purifying Respirators in Health Care,” to help prioritize and accelerate NIOSH activities to update certification requirements for powered air purifying respirators (PAPRs) for use in health care.
  • Ethical Review and Oversight Issues in Research Involving ... Released: January 05, 2015
    On December 2–3, 2014, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Board on Health Sciences Policy held a workshop to facilitate dialogue among stakeholders about the ethical issues surrounding study design and informed consent for regulated research studies involving standard of care interventions.