Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury ...
Released: October 11, 2011
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may affect 10 million people worldwide. It is considered the “signature wound” of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. These injuries result from a bump or blow to the head, or from external forces that cause the brain to move within the head, such as whiplash or exposure to blasts. TBI can cause an array of physical and mental health concerns and is a growing problem, particularly among soldiers and veterans because of repeated exposure to violent environments. One form of treatment for TBI is cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT), a patient-specific, goal-oriented approach to help patients increase their ability to process and interpret information. The Department of Defense asked the IOM to conduct a study to determine the effectiveness of CRT for treatment of TBI.
Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel : Health and ...
Released: June 09, 2008
The use of dietary supplements has become increasingly popular among members of the military. While some supplements may provide benefits to health, others could carry adverse effects that might compromise the readiness and performance of service members. The U.S. Department of Defense, the Samueli Institute, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), with additional support from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) review the use of dietary supplements by military personnel, recommending a framework to identify the need for management of dietary supplement use within the military, and developing an approach to report adverse health events.
Mortality in US Army Gulf War Veterans Exposed to 1991 ...
Released: July 25, 2005
A research paper to be published in the August 2005 issue of the American Journal of Public Health finds that Gulf War veterans who may have been exposed to nerve agents during the March 1991 weapons demolitions in Khamisiyah, Iraq, appear to have a higher risk for brain cancer death than veterans who were not exposed.
Case Control Study of Cancer among US Army Veterans ...
Released: August 26, 2004
To determine if entry into US Army service during periods of administration of SV40-contaminated adenovirus vaccine was associated with an increased risk of cancer, the authors conducted a case control study of cancer occurring in male Army veterans who entered service in 1959–1961.
Monitoring Metabolic Status: Predicting Decrements in ...
Released: April 26, 2004
An IOM report, titled Monitoring Metabolic Status: Predicting Decrements in Physiological and Cognitive Performance during Military Operations, examines current and needed technologies and information that will provide information for command decisions relative to the physiological and psychological "readiness" of each combat service member. Specifically, the report identifies the most promising biomarkers for the prediction of health deterioration, tools for monitoring metabolic status in the field, algorithms to interpret data, and current research investments that may lead to revolutionary advances.
The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation's ...
Released: January 01, 2000
Malnutrition and obesity are both common among Americans over age 65. There are also a host of other medical conditions from which older people and other Medicare beneficiaries suffer that could be improved with appropriate nutritional intervention. Despite that, access to a nutrition professional is very limited. This book addresses these questions, provides recommendations for nutrition services for the elderly, and considers how the coverage policy should be approached and practiced.
The Health of Former Prisoners of War: Results from the ...
Released: January 01, 1992
The Institute of Medicine conducted a medical examination survey of former prisoners of war (POWs) of World War II (WWII) and the Korean conflict. This survey, which is part of a longitudinal follow-up study begun shortly after WWII, was the first to be based on medical examinations as well as on questionnaires and records for POWs and controls.