Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Harmonization of Approaches to Nutrient Reference Values ...
Released: June 11, 2018
Establishing reference values for nutrient intakes of populations is essential to make recommendations for appropriate, safe dietary intakes and to design nutritional interventions, such as nutrient fortification of foods. Across high-income countries, there is now greater consistency in the methodological approach used to derive the fundamental values needed for establishing nutrient intake recommendations. Yet across other national and international bodies, particularly in the low- and middle-income countries, considerable inconsistency remains.
Urbanization and Slums: Infectious Diseases in the Built ...
Released: June 08, 2018
On December 12-13, the Forum on Microbial Threats, in collaboration with the Board on Life Sciences hosted a workshop examining "Urbanization and Slums: New Transmission Pathways of Infectious Diseases in the Built Environment."
Global Harmonization of Methodological Approaches to ...
Released: May 03, 2018
The Food and Nutrition Board, in partnership with the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Nutrition Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) organized a workshop to explore questions about the uses of nutrient intake recommendations, the frameworks used for their development, the status of nutrient intake recommendations globally, and experiences and expertise in methodological approaches.
Improving Health Professional Education and Practice ...
Released: April 25, 2018
The Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education hosted a 1.5-day public workshop to explore gaps within education and across the continuum of health professional education to practice. The discussions looked at current and future technologies that could bridge the identified gaps in order to optimize health and education system performance and access in high-, middle-, and low-income regions.
Exploring Partnership Governance in Global Health ...
Released: April 18, 2018
Governance in public-private partnerships (PPPs) refers to the structures, processes, and practices for decision-making and for ultimately accomplishing the goal of the partnership. It defines the power structure of a PPP by establishing how and when decisions are made and who makes them, as well as how other stakeholders are represented in the process.
Identifying the Role of Violence and Its Prevention in the Post ...
Released: April 06, 2018
The post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set out 17 specific goals and 169 associated targets across the social, economic, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, all to be achieved by 2030. The SDGs include the prevention of violence and have several targets that address the underlying causes of violence as well as targets that address such risk factors as poverty, alcohol misuse, social protection, and justice.
Addressing the Social and Cultural Norms That Underlie the ...
Released: April 06, 2018
To better understand how social and cultural norms are related to violence and violence prevention, the Forum on Global Violence Prevention convened a workshop1on October 29–30, 2015, to explore the social and cultural norms that underlie the acceptance of violence, with a focus on violence against women across the lifespan, violence against children, and youth violence.
The Neurocognitive and Psychosocial Impacts of Violence ...
Released: April 06, 2018
Childhood experiences, both positive and negative, can affect an individual’s health and opportunities as an adult and have far-reaching effects on future violence victimization and perpetration. To better understand the impacts of violence and trauma on neurocognitive functions and psychosocial well-being, the Forum on Global Violence Prevention convened a 2-day workshop July 31– August 1, 2017.
Violence and Mental Health: Opportunities for Prevention and ...
Released: March 22, 2018
On February 26–27, 2014, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Forum on Global Violence Prevention convened a workshop titled Mental Health and Violence: Opportunities for Prevention and Early Intervention. The workshop brought together advocates and experts in public health and mental health, anthropology, biomedical science, criminal justice, global health and development, and neuroscience to examine experience, evidence, and practice at the intersection of mental health and violence.
Public Policy Approaches to Violence Prevention ...
Released: February 23, 2018
In response to the societal impacts and costs of violence, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop on December 1–2, 2016, with the aim of illuminating the ways in which violence prevention practitioners can effectively share their evidence-based research findings with policy makers in order to positively affect and amplify violence prevention efforts.