About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Understanding the Economics of Microbial Threats : Health ... Released: October 15, 2018
    On June 11-12, 2018, the Forum on Microbial Threats at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine organized a 1.5-day public workshop to assess the current understanding of the interaction of infectious disease threats with economic activity and suggest new areas of research. This workshop built on prior work of the Forum and aimed to build more mutual understanding between those in the economic world and those with public health and clinical experience. Through multisectoral participation, topics in the workshop identified potential knowledge gaps, research priorities for further exploration, and strategies to advance the field in understanding the econom¬ics of microbial threats.
  • A Design Thinking, Systems Approach to Well-Being Within ... Released: October 11, 2018
    The Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education held a 1.5 day workshop titled, A Systems-Approach to Alleviating Work-Induced Stress and Improving Health, Well-Being, and Resilience of Health Professionals Within and Beyond Education. The workshop was a result of a multiyear discussion on stress and burnout globally, throughout all health professions.
  • Medical Product Shortages During Disasters: Opportunities to ... Released: September 28, 2018
    The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to better understand the gaps that led to cascading effects in patient care throughout the U.S. health care system. On September 5–6, 2018, in Washington, DC, the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies convened the workshop Medical Product Shortages During Disasters: Opportunities to Predict, Prevent, and Respond.
  • Crossing the Global Quality Chasm: Improving Health Care ... Released: August 28, 2018
    With support from 7 sponsors, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine undertook a study to examine the global impacts of poor-quality health care and to recommend ways to improve quality while expanding UHC, particularly in low-resource areas.
  • Harmonization of Approaches to Nutrient Reference Values ... Released: June 11, 2018
    Establishing reference values for nutrient intakes of populations is essential to make recommendations for appropriate, safe dietary intakes and to design nutritional interventions, such as nutrient fortification of foods. Across high-income countries, there is now greater consistency in the methodological approach used to derive the fundamental values needed for establishing nutrient intake recommendations. Yet across other national and international bodies, particularly in the low- and middle-income countries, considerable inconsistency remains.
  • Urbanization and Slums: Infectious Diseases in the Built ... Released: June 08, 2018
    On December 12-13, the Forum on Microbial Threats, in collaboration with the Board on Life Sciences hosted a workshop examining "Urbanization and Slums: New Transmission Pathways of Infectious Diseases in the Built Environment."
  • Global Harmonization of Methodological Approaches to ... Released: May 03, 2018
    The Food and Nutrition Board, in partnership with the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Nutrition Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) organized a workshop to explore questions about the uses of nutrient intake recommendations, the frameworks used for their development, the status of nutrient intake recommendations globally, and experiences and expertise in methodological approaches.
  • Improving Health Professional Education and Practice ... Released: April 25, 2018
    The Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education hosted a 1.5-day public workshop to explore gaps within education and across the continuum of health professional education to practice. The discussions looked at current and future technologies that could bridge the identified gaps in order to optimize health and education system performance and access in high-, middle-, and low-income regions.
  • Exploring Partnership Governance in Global Health ... Released: April 18, 2018
    Governance in public-private partnerships (PPPs) refers to the structures, processes, and practices for decision-making and for ultimately accomplishing the goal of the partnership. It defines the power structure of a PPP by establishing how and when decisions are made and who makes them, as well as how other stakeholders are represented in the process.
  • Identifying the Role of Violence and Its Prevention in the Post ... Released: April 06, 2018
    The post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set out 17 specific goals and 169 associated targets across the social, economic, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, all to be achieved by 2030. The SDGs include the prevention of violence and have several targets that address the underlying causes of violence as well as targets that address such risk factors as poverty, alcohol misuse, social protection, and justice.