About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Assessment of the Department of Veterans Affairs Airborne ... Released: February 28, 2017
    Concerns over possible adverse effects of wartime exposure to smoke from trash burning in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other locations in Southwest Asia have stimulated both research and Congressional action. Public Law 112-260, § 201 (enacted January 10, 2013) directed the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to establish and maintain a registry for service members who may have been exposed to toxic airborne chemicals and fumes generated by open burn pits. VA asked the National Academies to take on the responsibility to fulfill a provision of this law that called for an independent scientific organization to prepare a report addressing issues related to the establishment and conduct of the registry and use of the information it collects.
  • Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks ... Released: January 06, 2017
    The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine at the request of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) and with guidance from the National Academies’ Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments, has established a committee to review NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks. These evidence reports focus on human health risks for long-duration and exploration spaceflights. To review the eight NASA evidence reports that were examined in 2016, the National Academies assembled a 13-member committee with multidisciplinary expertise.
  • The Interplay Between Environmental Chemical Exposures ... Released: July 29, 2016
    In March 2015, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a workshop to explore the role that chemical exposures may play in the development of obesity.
  • Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter ... Released: July 06, 2016
    The health effects of outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM) are the subject of both research attention and regulatory action. Although much less studied to date, indoor exposure to PM—which can result from particles infiltrating from the outdoors and from various indoor sources including candles, cooking, and smoking—is gaining attention as a potential source of adverse health effects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to hold a workshop examining what is known about indoor exposure to PM, examining sources of particles, their interaction with other elements of the indoor environment, exposure levels indoors, potential health concerns, ways to limit exposure, vulnerable populations, and means of communicating exposure risks and strategies to reduce exposures.
  • Principles and Obstacles for Sharing Data from Environmental ... Released: May 05, 2016
    On March 19, 2014, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine in conjunction with the Committee on Science, Technology, and the Law, both of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, held a workshop on the topic of the sharing of data from environmental health research.
  • Gulf War and Health: Volume 10: Update of Health Effects of ... Released: February 11, 2016
    In response to the variety of health problems and symptoms reported by veterans, Congress passed two laws directing the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to contract with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to review and evaluate the scientific and medical literature regarding associations between illness and exposure to toxic agents, environmental or wartime hazards, or preventive measures and vaccines associated with Gulf War service.
  • Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks ... Released: January 07, 2016
    The Institute of Medicine, at the request of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and with guidance from the IOM's Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments, has established the Committee to Review NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks.
  • Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization: Workshop ... Released: December 30, 2015
    On November 10, 2014, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a workshop titled Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization. This workshop represents the Roundtable members’ long-standing interest in and growing appreciation of the ways in which the urban environment, conceived broadly from factors such as air quality and walkability to factors such as access to fresh foods and social support systems, can affect health.
  • Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization: Workshop in ... Released: December 30, 2015
    On November 10, 2014, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a 1-day workshop titled Bringing Public Health into Urban Revitalization. The purpose of the workshop was to explore public health issues related to the redesign of major U.S. cities, focusing on recent examples from Detroit, Michigan; New York City; and Washington, DC.
  • A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System ... Released: January 13, 2015
    The committee’s report, A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System, sponsored by The JPB Foundation, presents guiding principles and practical steps to help stakeholders weigh tradeoffs and choose policies that integrate benefits and risks across various domains.