Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Faith–Health Collaboration to Improve Population Health ...
Released: July 24, 2018
Faith plays a variety of roles in the context of health improvement: as a place, social structure, partner, and intervention. The Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop on faith–health collaboration in Raleigh, North Carolina on March 22, 2018. The workshop concisely summarized here did not explore aspects of the relationship between faith and health such as the efficacy of prayer or of congregation-based health interventions. Rather, presentations showcased the potential and, in some cases, the value, as demonstrated in improved outcomes, of community faith-based entities working as partners with health-sector organizations.
Integrating Responses at the Intersection of Opioid Use ...
Released: July 13, 2018
The opioid epidemic is changing the epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious disease. To address the infectious disease consequences of the opioid crisis, a public workshop titled Integrating Infectious Disease Considerations with Response to the Opioid Epidemic was convened on March 12 and 13, 2018.
Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built ...
Released: June 15, 2018
The built environment—the physical world made up of the homes, buildings, streets, and infrastructure within which we all live, work, and play—underwent changes during the 20th and 21st centuries. These changes contributed to a sharp decline in physical activity and affected access to healthy foods, which have added to the weight gain observed among Americans in recent decades. As such, policies and practices that affect the built environment could affect obesity rates in the United States and improve the health of Americans.
Exploring Early Childhood Care and Education Levers to ...
Released: May 30, 2018
Early care and education programs and providers are ideally suited to partnering with public health and health care organizations to help achieve the shared goals of healthy child development. There are many challenges to tackle and opportunities to maximize on the path to collaboration and improved outcomes, including in preparing and supporting an effective workforce, in financing, and ensuring equity.
Opportunities for Improving Programs and Services for ...
Released: May 11, 2018
Children with disabilities are highly diverse in terms of their health conditions, disability severity, and social environments, yet they share many of the same needs. To help meet these needs, many programs and services to enhance health and functioning of children with disabilities have been developed.
Identifying the Role of Violence and Its Prevention in the Post ...
Released: April 06, 2018
The post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set out 17 specific goals and 169 associated targets across the social, economic, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, all to be achieved by 2030. The SDGs include the prevention of violence and have several targets that address the underlying causes of violence as well as targets that address such risk factors as poverty, alcohol misuse, social protection, and justice.
Addressing the Social and Cultural Norms That Underlie the ...
Released: April 06, 2018
To better understand how social and cultural norms are related to violence and violence prevention, the Forum on Global Violence Prevention convened a workshop1on October 29–30, 2015, to explore the social and cultural norms that underlie the acceptance of violence, with a focus on violence against women across the lifespan, violence against children, and youth violence.
The Neurocognitive and Psychosocial Impacts of Violence ...
Released: April 06, 2018
Childhood experiences, both positive and negative, can affect an individual’s health and opportunities as an adult and have far-reaching effects on future violence victimization and perpetration. To better understand the impacts of violence and trauma on neurocognitive functions and psychosocial well-being, the Forum on Global Violence Prevention convened a 2-day workshop July 31– August 1, 2017.
Exploring Tax Policy to Advance Population Health, Health ...
Released: April 05, 2018
On December 7, 2017 the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a 1-day, public workshop in Oakland, California to address the use of tax policies to channel resources and shape economic incentives affecting population health. The workshop began with a “tax policy 101” overview.