About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Exploring Tax Policy to Advance Population Health, Health ... Released: September 20, 2018
    The Roundtable on Population Health Improvement convened a workshop in Oakland, California on December 7th, 2017 to explore tax policy focusing on taxes, credits, policy design considerations, and redirecting resources to support population health interventions.
  • Understanding and Overcoming the Challenge of Obesity and ... Released: August 13, 2018
    On May 7th, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions hosted a workshop that explored the challenges posed by obesity and overweight in the armed forces and opportunities to overcome them.
  • Faith–Health Collaboration to Improve Population Health ... Released: July 24, 2018
    Faith plays a variety of roles in the context of health improvement: as a place, social structure, partner, and intervention. The Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop on faith–health collaboration in Raleigh, North Carolina on March 22, 2018. The workshop concisely summarized here did not explore aspects of the relationship between faith and health such as the efficacy of prayer or of congregation-based health interventions. Rather, presentations showcased the potential and, in some cases, the value, as demonstrated in improved outcomes, of community faith-based entities working as partners with health-sector organizations.
  • Integrating Responses at the Intersection of Opioid Use ... Released: July 13, 2018
    The opioid epidemic is changing the epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious disease. To address the infectious disease consequences of the opioid crisis, a public workshop titled Integrating Infectious Disease Considerations with Response to the Opioid Epidemic was convened on March 12 and 13, 2018.
  • Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built ... Released: June 15, 2018
    The built environment—the physical world made up of the homes, buildings, streets, and infrastructure within which we all live, work, and play—underwent changes during the 20th and 21st centuries. These changes contributed to a sharp decline in physical activity and affected access to healthy foods, which have added to the weight gain observed among Americans in recent decades. As such, policies and practices that affect the built environment could affect obesity rates in the United States and improve the health of Americans.
  • Exploring Early Childhood Care and Education Levers to ... Released: May 30, 2018
    Early care and education programs and providers are ideally suited to partnering with public health and health care organizations to help achieve the shared goals of healthy child development. There are many challenges to tackle and opportunities to maximize on the path to collaboration and improved outcomes, including in preparing and supporting an effective workforce, in financing, and ensuring equity.
  • Exploring Tax Policy to Advance Population Health, Health ... Released: April 05, 2018
    On December 7, 2017 the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a 1-day, public workshop in Oakland, California to address the use of tax policies to channel resources and shape economic incentives affecting population health. The workshop began with a “tax policy 101” overview.
  • Exploring Early Childhood Care and Education Levers to ... Released: February 22, 2018
    Experts from the health and the early childhood care and education fields gathered on September 14, 2017, in New York City at a workshop hosted by the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement. The workshop presentations and discussion focused on the evidence base at the intersection of the two fields; on exploring current and potential effective strategies to work together; and on the policy levers available to improve early childhood development, health, and learning.
  • The Challenge of Treating Obesity and Overweight ... Released: December 21, 2017
    The Roundtable on Obesity Solutions held a workshop in Washington, DC, titled “The Challenge of Treating Obesity and Overweight: A Workshop.” The workshop featured invited presentations and discussions that explored what is known about current obesity treatment approaches and the challenges involved in implementing them, including their effectiveness (and how “success” is defined); payment for services; training of the workforce that provides the services; and health equity issues involved in treatment.
  • Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built ... Released: December 14, 2017
    The built environment—the physical world made up of the homes, buildings, streets, and infrastructure within which we all live, work, and play—underwent changes during the 20th and 21st centuries. These changes contributed to a sharp decline in physical activity and affected access to healthy foods, which have added to the weight gain observed among Americans in recent decades.