About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Understanding and Overcoming the Challenge of Obesity and ... Released: August 13, 2018
    On May 7th, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions hosted a workshop that explored the challenges posed by obesity and overweight in the armed forces and opportunities to overcome them.
  • Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition: Proceedings of a ... Released: July 25, 2018
    On December 5, 2017, the Food Forum hosted a public workshop titled Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition in Washington, DC, to review current knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics as it relates to nutrition. Workshop participants explored the influence of genetic and epigenetic expression on nutritional status and the potential impact of personalized nutrition on health maintenance and chronic disease prevention. The workshop also investigated the clinical implications of nutrigenomics, key public health and regulatory policy considerations presented in the context of emerging nutrigenomics applications to personalized nutrition, and the challenges to globalization of public health guidance that may be informed by nutrigenomic research.
  • Examining Special Nutritional Requirements in Disease ... Released: June 29, 2018
    An ad hoc committee planned a workshop exploring the evidence for special nutritional requirements in disease states and medical conditions that cannot be met with a normal diet.
  • Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built ... Released: June 15, 2018
    The built environment—the physical world made up of the homes, buildings, streets, and infrastructure within which we all live, work, and play—underwent changes during the 20th and 21st centuries. These changes contributed to a sharp decline in physical activity and affected access to healthy foods, which have added to the weight gain observed among Americans in recent decades. As such, policies and practices that affect the built environment could affect obesity rates in the United States and improve the health of Americans.
  • Harmonization of Approaches to Nutrient Reference Values ... Released: June 11, 2018
    Establishing reference values for nutrient intakes of populations is essential to make recommendations for appropriate, safe dietary intakes and to design nutritional interventions, such as nutrient fortification of foods. Across high-income countries, there is now greater consistency in the methodological approach used to derive the fundamental values needed for establishing nutrient intake recommendations. Yet across other national and international bodies, particularly in the low- and middle-income countries, considerable inconsistency remains.
  • Global Harmonization of Methodological Approaches to ... Released: May 03, 2018
    The Food and Nutrition Board, in partnership with the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Nutrition Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) organized a workshop to explore questions about the uses of nutrient intake recommendations, the frameworks used for their development, the status of nutrient intake recommendations globally, and experiences and expertise in methodological approaches.
  • Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition: Proceedings of a ... Released: March 15, 2018
    The Food Forum of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop in Washington, DC, to review current knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics and to explore the potential impact of personalized nutrition on health maintenance and chronic disease prevention.
  • Global Harmonization of Methodological Approaches to ... Released: January 19, 2018
    While there is consistency between many developed countries, including the U.S., Canada, and European Union countries, in methodological approaches used to derive an average nutrient requirement and upper intake level, which are the basis for setting nutrient requirements for a population, there remains considerable inconsistency across other national and international bodies, particularly in the developing world, in approaches used to set nutrient intake recommendations for specific population groups.
  • The Challenge of Treating Obesity and Overweight ... Released: December 21, 2017
    The Roundtable on Obesity Solutions held a workshop in Washington, DC, titled “The Challenge of Treating Obesity and Overweight: A Workshop.” The workshop featured invited presentations and discussions that explored what is known about current obesity treatment approaches and the challenges involved in implementing them, including their effectiveness (and how “success” is defined); payment for services; training of the workforce that provides the services; and health equity issues involved in treatment.
  • Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built ... Released: December 14, 2017
    The built environment—the physical world made up of the homes, buildings, streets, and infrastructure within which we all live, work, and play—underwent changes during the 20th and 21st centuries. These changes contributed to a sharp decline in physical activity and affected access to healthy foods, which have added to the weight gain observed among Americans in recent decades.