About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks ... Released: January 10, 2018
    The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, at the request of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) and with guidance from the National Academies’ Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments, established a committee to review NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks. These evidence reports focus on human health risks for long-duration and exploration spaceflights.
  • Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks ... Released: January 06, 2017
    The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine at the request of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) and with guidance from the National Academies’ Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments, has established a committee to review NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks. These evidence reports focus on human health risks for long-duration and exploration spaceflights. To review the eight NASA evidence reports that were examined in 2016, the National Academies assembled a 13-member committee with multidisciplinary expertise.
  • Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks ... Released: January 07, 2016
    The Institute of Medicine, at the request of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and with guidance from the IOM's Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments, has established the Committee to Review NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks.
  • Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks ... Released: January 14, 2015
    NASA’s Human Research Program developed a collection of evidence reports that provide “the current record of the state of knowledge from research and operations” for more than 30 human health and performance risks related to long-duration and exploration spaceflights. To review NASA’s evidence reports, the IOM assembled a multi-disciplinary committee with expertise in aerospace medicine, occupational health, radiation medicine, human performance, systems engineering, human-computer interaction, internal medicine, physiology and cardiovascular health, immunology, behavioral health and sociology, task simulation and training, and biomedical informatics.
  • Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks ... Released: January 06, 2014
    In 2008, NASA asked the IOM to assess the process for developing evidence reports that NASA has compiled on human health risks for long-duration and exploration space flights. The resulting IOM report, Review of NASA’s Human Research Program Evidence Books: A Letter Report, provided an initial and brief review of the evidence report. This 2013 letter report builds on the work of the 2008 report and examines three NASA evidence reports: Risk of Injury from Dynamic Loads; Risk of Spaceflight-induced Intracranial Hypertension/Vision Alterations; and Risk of Clinically Relevant Unpredicted Effects of Medication. Over the next five years, the IOM will issue 4 additional letter reports and evaluate more than 30 NASA evidence reports, in total.