About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

Reports Index


  • Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam Released: January 01, 1994
    In February 1992, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences signed an agreement with the Veterans Administration (VA) to review and summarize the strength of the scientific evidence concerning the association between herbicide exposure during Vietnam service and each disease or condition suspected to be associated with such exposure.
  • Defining Primary Care: An Interim Report Released: January 01, 1994
    Defining Primary Care: An Interim Report
  • Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research Released: January 01, 1994
    The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction.
  • Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite Released: January 01, 1993
    In 1991, the VA requested that the IOM convene a committee to assess the strength of association between exposure to Mustard Gas and Lewisite and the development of specific diseases. The committee was also charged with identifying the gaps in the literature, and making recommendations as to closing them.
  • Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments: Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations Released: January 01, 1993
    This volume examines the current state of knowledge concerning the influence of a hot environment on nutrient requirements of military personnel. A parallel concern is ensuring that performance does not decline as a result of inadequate nutrition. The committee provides a thorough review of the literature in this area and interprets the diverse data in terms of military applications. In addition to a focus on specific nutrient needs in hot climates, the committee considers factors that might change food intake patterns and therefore overall calories.
  • The Health of Former Prisoners of War: Results from the Medical Examination Survey of Former POWs of World War II and the Korean Conflict Released: January 01, 1992
    The Institute of Medicine conducted a medical examination survey of former prisoners of war (POWs) of World War II (WWII) and the Korean conflict. This survey, which is part of a longitudinal follow-up study begun shortly after WWII, was the first to be based on medical examinations as well as on questionnaires and records for POWs and controls.
  • Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States Released: January 01, 1992
    This report presents a historical perspective on infectious disease and discusses how "new" disease such as HIV and AIDS arise and how "old" diseases such as HIV and AIDS arise and how "old" disease such as tuberculosis resurge.
  • Nutrition Services in Perinatal Care: Second Edition Released: January 01, 1992
    This book focuses on nutrition services beginning in the preconceptional period and extending well beyond birth. It provides the rationale for the recommended nutritional services; briefly describes the necessary elements of these services; and indicates the personnel, knowledge, skills, and specialized education or training that may be needed to deliver them.It will be useful to policymakers, hospital administrators, directors of health centers, physicians in private or group practices, and others responsible for setting such standards and for overseeing health care services for expectant and new mothers and their infants.
  • Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation: An Implementation Guide Released: January 01, 1992
    Authorities agree that nutritional care for pregnant, about-to-be pregnant, and nursing women can prevent health problems that are costly in terms of both dollars and quality of life. Yet many women still receive little guidance regarding maternal nutrition.Now, health care professionals can turn to a handy, practical guide for help in smoothly integrating maternal nutritional care into their practices. Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation provides physicians, nurses, primary care providers, and midwives with a ready-made, step-by-step program for helping new mothers.
  • Body Composition and Physical Performance: Applications for the Military Services Released: January 01, 1992
    This book surveys the entire field of body composition as it relates to performance. It includes a clear definition of terminology and a discussion of the various methods for measuring body composition. The book also addresses the issue of physical appearance as it relates to body fatness and performance. It includes an in-depth discussion of many of the topics of interest to those involved in sports medicine and exercise physiology.