Disability in America

Type: Consensus Study
Topics: Biomedical and Health Research, Public Health, Select Populations and Health Equity
Board: Board on Health Sciences Policy

Activity Description

Building on the 1991 IOM report Disability in America and the 1997 report Enabling America, the IOM reviewed progress and developments since the publication of those reports.

The committee identified continuing gaps in disability science and proposed steps to strengthen the evidence base for public and private actions to reduce the impact of disability and related conditions on individuals and society in the United States. Topics examined by the Committee on Disability in America include:

  • Methodological and policy issues related to the definition, measurement, and monitoring (surveillance) of disability and health over time
  • Trends in the amount, types, and causes of disability;
  • Aging with disability and secondary health conditions;
  • Transitions from child/adolescent to adult services and community participation;
  • Role of assistive technologies and physical environments in increasing participation in society (e.g., through employment, community-based living) of people with disabilities;
  • Selected questions related to the financing of health care services, including payment for assistive technologies and risk adjustment of managed care and provider payments; and
  • Directions for research.

The final report, entitled The Future of Disability in America, was released in 2007. Funding for the study came from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, and the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research.


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