Review of NIOSH Research Programs: Traumatic Injury

Type: Consensus Study
Topics: Public Health, Quality and Patient Safety
Board: Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Activity Description

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) requested that the National Academies/IOM conduct a review of its Traumatic Injury Prevention Research Program. Specifically, the committee examined the following issues related to the prevention of traumatic injury:

    Progress in reducing workplace illness and injuries through occupational safety and health research, assessed on the basis of an analysis of relevant data about workplace illnesses and injuries and an evaluation of the effect that NIOSH research has had in reducing illness and injuries. Progress in targeting new research to the areas of occupational safety and health most relevant to future improvements in workplace protection. Significant emerging research areas that appear especially important in terms of their relevance to the mission of NIOSH.

The evaluation considered what the NIOSH program is producing as well as whether the program can reasonably be credited with changes in workplace practices, or whether such changes are the result of other factors unrelated to NIOSH. For cases where impact was difficult to measure directly, the committee reviewing the Traumatic Injury Prevention Research Program was able to use information on intermediate outcomes to evaluate performance.

NIOSH's traumatic injury prevention research under review includes:

Fatal Injuries:

    Motor vehicles (e.g. highway and construction work), falls from elevations, violence, machines (e.g. tractor rollover, paper balers, cranes and lifts).

Non-fatal Injuries

    Acute back injury Alaska (fishing and logging)  Emergency Responders Youth.

NIOSH's traumatic injury program includes surveillance and field investigations, analysis (risk factor research and intervention research), and protective technology research.

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