Panel on Calcium and Related Nutrients
In April 1996, the Food and Nutrition Board's (FNB's) Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) Standing Committee established a 9-member Panel on Calcium and Related Nutrients to review the scientific literature and interpret the depth of current knowledge on calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, and fluoride metabolism in humans throughout the life span, and data on intakes in the U.S. population. Such analysis included a review of the metabolism of related nutrients and of non-nutrients, such as phytosterols and fiber, as they relate to bioavailability.
The panel met five times, including once in conjunction with a workshop held to solicit the opinions of experts, practitioners and the public. Based on the analysis of the information, the panel drafted recommendations for nutrient intakes of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus, magnesium, and fluoride for each stage of the life span, where adequate data were available, and considered the potential for each to be associated with decreased risk of chronic disease. The recommendations of the panel were forwarded to the FNB Committee on Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes and its subcommittees; the Committee on Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes then developed the final report after completing its review.