Committee to Evaluate the Supplemental Security Income Children's Disability Program with Mental Disorders
The IOM will conduct an evaluation of the Social Security Administration’s (SSA) SSI program for children (birth to age 18) with disabilities based on mental disorders to determine the effectiveness of the disability determination process for these children in the context of current trends in child health and development, and in pediatric and adolescent medicine. The consensus study committee shall consider past and current trends in incidence, prevalence, persistence, diagnosis, and treatment of mental disorders for both the general U.S. population under age 18 and the SSI childhood disability population.
The IOM will select and convene a consensus study committee to perform a focused review of, and suggest revisions to, the SSI program for children with disabilities based on mental disorders. The consensus study committee shall provide SSA with recommendations for specific methods to improve the accuracy and effectiveness of the disability determination process for children with disabilities based on mental disorders.
The IOM committee will conduct a study and prepare a report that will address the following:
- Compare the rise in the number of children receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) on the basis of mental disorders (such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, bipolar illness, depression, and learning problems) to national trends in the number of children with mental disorders; and determine the cause(s) of any disparities.
- Identify the current standards of care for children with mental disorders nationally, and compare them to the standards of care evidenced in the SSI childhood disability population.
- Identify the appropriate and effective treatment protocols for mental disorders in children, and determine to what extent the treatment for these disorders in children who receive SSI disability is consistent with national treatment trends.
- Identify which mental disorders are most amenable to treatment and subject to improving with age.
- Determine how long after diagnosing and treating a mental disorder does the disorder improve.
- Determine whether the national medical community properly prescribes medications for mental disorders in children.