Two Centuries of Darwin is the third collection of the In the Light of Evolution series. Each installment in the series explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. In this book of collected work, leading evolutionary biologists and science historians reflect upon and commemorate the Darwinian Revolution. They canvass modern research approaches and current scientific thought on each of the three main categories of selection (natural, artificial, and sexual) that Darwin addressed during his career.
This collection of presentations is from the National Academy of Sciences' Sackler Colloquium on the biodiversity crisis and whether a mass extinction of plants and animals is under way. Leading researchers and students discussed recent discoveries and concepts regarding the global abundance and distribution of biodiversity, and compare these patterns with conditions in the near and distant evolutionary past, as well as with those plausible in the near future.
This colloquium, part of the Arthur M. Sackler series, synthesizes recent scientific findings on the evolutionary origins of complex biological adaptations as well as conceptual approaches to understanding them.
The colloquium celebrated the 100th birthday of the eminent evolutionist Ernst Mayr and the 62nd anniversary of the publication of his Systematics and the Origin of Species (1942), one of the four books often considered as the foundations of the modern theory of evolution. The Colloquium explored the main topics in Mayr's book and examined the same (and related) issues in the light of current science, although the focus was be on speciation, rather than on systematics.
This collection of colloquium papers presented by experts in biology, evolution, genetics, environmental science, and more was originally published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The volume looks at evolution not just as history, but as an active agent that will affect our future.
This collection of 17 papers marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Stebbins' classic. Organized into five sections, the book covers: early evolution and the origin of cells, viral and bacterial models, protoctist models, population variation, and trends and patterns in plant evolution.
The volume examines early cellular evolution, explores changes in the tempo of evolution between the Precambrian and Phanerozoic periods, and reconstructs the Cambrian evolutionary burst. Long-neglected despite Darwin's interest in it, species extinction is discussed in detail. This book discusses the role of molecular clocks, the results of evolution in 12 populations of Escherichia coli propagated for 10,000 generations, a physical map of Drosophila chromosomes, and evidence for "hitchhiking" by mutations.